Portulaca oleracea L. Purslane
Sp.Pl. 1:445 (1753)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Mixed (Native in Part of Range, Naturalised Elsewhere)
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Grazyna Paczkowska, Wednesday 15 May 1996

Succulent, prostrate to decumbent annual, herb, to 0.2 m high. Fl. yellow, Apr to May. Clay loam, sand. Often disturbed sites.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, Northern Province, South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Carnarvon, Central Kimberley, Coolgardie, Dampierland, Esperance Plains, Gascoyne, Geraldton Sandplains, Gibson Desert, Great Sandy Desert, Jarrah Forest, Little Sandy Desert, Mallee, Murchison, Ord Victoria Plain, Pilbara, Swan Coastal Plain, Tanami, Victoria Bonaparte, Yalgoo.

IBRA Subregions: Ashburton, Augustus, Avon Wheatbelt P1, Cape Range, Carnegie, Chichester, Eastern Goldfield, Eastern Murchison, Fitzgerald, Fitzroy Trough, Fortescue, Geraldton Hills, Hamersley, Lateritic Plain, Mackay, McLarty, Mount Eliza, Northern Jarrah Forest, Ord, Ord-Victoria Plains P1, Perth, Pindanland, Roebourne, Rudall, Southern Jarrah Forest, Tallering, Tanami P1, Victoria Bonaparte P1, Western Mallee, Western Murchison, Wooramel.

IMCRA Regions: Canning, Central West Coast, Kimberley, Northwest Shelf, Shark Bay.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Ashburton, Broome, Carnarvon, Coolgardie, Cue, Derby-West Kimberley, East Pilbara, Exmouth, Gingin, Gosnells, Halls Creek, Harvey, Meekatharra, Menzies, Murchison, Narembeen, Ngaanyatjarraku, Northampton, Nungarin, Port Hedland, Ravensthorpe, Roebourne, Sandstone, Shark Bay, Upper Gascoyne, West Arthur, Wiluna, Wyndham-East Kimberley, Yalgoo.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Thursday 24 July 2014

Alternative Names. Common Purslane, Purslane.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed, occasionally stem fragments. Dispersal. Wind, water soil, birds. Toxicity. Can be poisonous to mammals. Seedbank persistence. 40 years.

Notes. A variable plant across Australia that may include native and introduced forms. Widely naturalised. Thrives in temperate and tropical regions. Most seed germinates in autumn. Dense colonies can appear after rain, particularly in inland areas. Moderately tolerant of salinity. Will shoot from stem fragments under moist conditions.

Additional information. History of use/introduction. Human food, forage, medicines.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove before flowering. Otherwise spot spray 0.5% glyphosate. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar TypeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecComments
Germination    YY       
Active GrowthYYO       OY 
Flowering YYYY        
Fruiting   YY        
Manual RemovalY          Y 
Herbicide TreatmentYY         Y 

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Australian Native Plants Society (Australia) (2008) Portulaca oleracea. URL: http://asgap.org.au/p-ole.html#top
  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Mitich, L.W. (1997) Common purslane (Portulaca oleracea). Weed Technology, 11 (2): 394-397.
  • Moore, C.B. & Moore, J.H. (2002) Herbiguide, the pesticide expert on a disk. Herbiguide, PO Box 44 Albany, Western Australia, 6330.
  • Saltdeck Series (2006) Pigweed - Portulaca oleracea. WWI & CRC Salinity URL: http://www.saltlandgenie.org.au/LiteratureRetrieve.aspx? - Accessed July 2010.
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (2009) Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/index.pl - Accessed October 2009.

Project information and acknowledgements