Robert Brown’s Australian Botanical Specimens, 1801–1805 at the BM
Introductory notes to the Botanical collection made by Robert Brown (1773–1858) in Australia, 1801–1805
By A.R. Chapman, D.T. Moore, R.G. Rees and E.W. Groves


The Investigator expedition was planned by the President of the Royal Society, Sir Joseph Banks (1743–1820), who himself had sailed to Australia with Lt. James Cook R.N. some thirty years earlier. It was commanded by Lt. Matthew Flinders R.N. (1774–1814) and on board was a small contingent of scientific gentlemen. These included Robert Brown as naturalist, Ferdinand Bauer (1760–1826) as natural history artist, William Westall (1781–1850) as landscape artist, John Allen (b.1775) as practical miner, and John Crosley (c.1763–1817) as astronomer — although Crosley left the expedition at the Cape of Good Hope.

Publications on Brown's life and botanical work are available, including a biography of him by Mabberley (1985), and an account of his Australian collecting sites by Vallance (1990). There is a catalogue of his Zoological papers at the Natural History Museum, London, by Wheeler (1993) and of his Botanical papers by Moore & Beasley (1997). The Flora of Australia (1: 33, 2nd edn., 1999) also gives a bibliography of Brownian studies. Brown's Diary of the expedition is published by Vallance et al., (2001).

The botanical collections and supporting documents

For historical reasons Brown's main collection of dried Australian plants made between 1801 and 1805 (the top set), is at BM with smaller collections at E, K, and LE (Flora of Australia 1: 33). Duplicates of these collections, were distributed in the 19th and 20th centuries and the Flora of Australia (1: 33) lists the Australian institutions to hold them. These were often sent out with minimal background and locality information. The original labels of the top set contain much of this locality information, and help towards localizing the Dryander duplicates which are common in Australian herbaria following these distributions. The Botany Library of the Natural History Museum, London, also contains information in Brown's papers relating to the expedition, and much of these data are found in Brown's descriptive slips (B.65) and his other papers.

Brown's landing places and collecting localities

Brown (1810) published his Prodromus before Flinders (1814) published the geographical names of the landing sites, a point of great importance to the localizing of the collections (Burbidge, 1956; Stearn, 1960; Mabberley, 1985; Clarkson, 1988 and Vallance, 1990). However, as Clarkson (1988: 6) points out, Brown did not collect at all the localities listed by Burbidge (1956) and Stearn (1960). At the time of writing the most comprehensive list of Brown's collecting sites is that of Vallance (1990), but this too is incomplete for late 1804 and 1805. The published version of Brown's Australian Diary (Vallance et al., in press) should solve many of these problems (Clarkson, 1988; Groves & Moore, 1989; Vallance 1990). After the voyage Brown and Bauer remained in Australia when Flinders left the expedition late in 1803. His collection sites from New South Wales and Tasmania in 1804–1805 are listed below. There are many complications and consequent qualifications required concerning Brown's Australian plant collection of 1801–1805 that cannot be addressed here. For an outline and discussion of these points the reader should consult the Introduction to Brown's Australian Diary (Vallance, et al., in press). The most accurate list available to date of Brown's Australian collecting sites is given below, with a note of the relevant Flinders chart nomenclature. However, it is important to realise that the dates for the anchorages and collecting localities may not be the same.

Table 1. A summary of H.M.S. Investigator Australian anchorages and Brown's collection sites
Western Australia (see Willis, 1959, Mabberley, 1985: 76–79; Vallance, 1990: 66, and Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.4).
8 December–5 January (1802)King George Sound.
9–14 JanuaryLucky Bay (Bay I of the chart).
14–17 JanuaryMiddle Island, Archipelago of Recherche (Bay II). Goose Island Bay of the plant labels.
South Australia (see Cooper, 1953 and 1955; Vallance, 1990: 66 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chaps.5–7).
28–29 JanuaryFowlers Bay (Bay III).
2–4 FebruarySt. Francis Island, Nuyts Archipelago (Bay IV), first visit.
6–7 FebruarySt Peter Island and Goat Island, Nuyts Archipelago (Anchorage V).
8 FebruarySecond visit to St. Francis Island, Nuyts Archipelago.
9 FebruaryLeft Nuyts Archipelago
11–12 FebruaryWaldegrave Island (Anchorage VI).
12–14 FebruaryFlinders Island (Anchorage VII)
20–22 FebruaryThistle Island (Anchorage VIII or 8)
22–25 FebruaryMemory Cove (Bay IX or 9).
25 February–6 MarchIn the vicinity of Port Lincoln (Bay X or 10 — three anchorages here all close together).
25 FebruaryInside Surfleet Point (Cape T1 of Brown's usage).
26 FebruaryS.W. corner of Port Lincoln proper. Brown collected at Sleaford Mere.
5 MarchEntrance to Spalding Cove. Collecting took place W. Of Cape Donington (Cape T).
6–7 MarchKirby Island, Sir Joseph Banks Group (Anchorage XI).
9–13 MarchHead of Spencer Gulf (Bay XII); Mount Brown climbed, Brown and Good 'sleep' at Peter Good's Gulley. Servant camp at Woolundunga Creek
21–24 MarchFirst visit to Kangaroo Island, anchorage between Hog Point and Kangaroo Head on the north coast (Anchorage XIII).
27 March–1 AprilIn Gulf St. Vincent.
29 MarchOff Mangrove Point. (Flinders, Brown and Good reach the head of the Gulf by small boat).
29 MarchAt head of the Gulf (Anchorage XIV).
1–7 AprilSecond visit to Kangaroo Island, anchorage in Eastern Cove, north coast.
Tasmania (
22–23 AprilAnchorage at King Island, Bass Strait (Anchorage XV). Brown briefly collected.
Victoria (see Willis, 1955–56; Willis & Skewes, 1956; Vallance, 1990: 69 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.8).
26 April–3 MayPort Phillip (Anchorage XVI or 16) Brown's first visit there.
New South Wales (See Vallance, 1990 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.9)
9 May–22 JulyPort Jackson. Local excursions to the Hawkesbury River, Greenhills [=Windsor], Richmond Hill, Old Toongabbie, North Rocks/Jerusalem Rocks, Parramatta, Grose Head, Botany Bay, Cooks River, etc.
Queensland (See Vallance, 1990 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.10–14).
29 July–1 AugustHervey Cape (Fraser Island).
5–9 AugustAnchorage between Port Clinton and Facing Island (Port I of the chart)
9–17 AugustKeppel Bay.
21–24 AugustPort Bowen, now Port Clinton (Bay II).
25 AugustClara Group, Hervey Island
26–28 AugustStrong Tide Passage (Shoal Bay Passage III of the plant labels).
29 August–4 SeptemberShoalwater Bay.
5–8 SeptemberThirsty Sound (eastern end).
8–28 SeptemberBroad Sound general area.
8 SeptemberBroad Sound, S.E. of West Peaked Hill.
10 SeptemberNear Flock Pigeon Island.
12 & 13 SeptemberAt Upper Head of the plant labels, near Charon Point,
20 SeptemberNear Mangrove Islands, at the S.W. entrance to Thirsty Sound.
28 September–4 OctoberVicinity of Percy Isles, Northumberland Isles.
29 September Off West Bay of Middle Island, roughly E. of Pine Island. Shore work on Pine and Middle Islands.
5–14 OctoberIn the area of the Great Barrier Reef.
15–17 OctoberCalder Island (Cumberland Island l2), Cumberland Isles.
29–30 OctoberCoral Sea.
30 OctoberZuizin Island (Halfway Island of Flinders), Brown landed.
2 NovemberGood's Island [Prince of Wales Island e], Torres Strait.
7 NovemberPennefather River, Cape York Peninsula. The Coen River of the plant labels
16 November–1 Decemberarea of the South Wellesley Islands, Gulf of Carpentaria:
17 NovemberShore work on Sweers Island (Island a) and Bentinck Island (Island b).
20 November E.S.E of Allen Island (Island c).
21 November Investigator Road. Ship leaking and found to be unseaworthy. Shore work on the islands round about.
1–7 DecemberSouth Wellesley Islands general area:
3 DecemberBountiful Island (Island f , or Turtle Island)
6 DecemberPisonia Island (Island e). Scurvy was now evident among the crew and Flinders concluded that the survey would have to be temporarily terminated.
Northern Territory (See Vallance, 1990 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.15–16).
13–28 DecemberThe area of Sir Edward Pellew Group, Gulf of Carpentaria.
14 DecemberLanded at Vanderlin Island (Island g).
15 DecemberOff Urquhart Islet (h2). The untraced Island g3 is in this area and Island g4 is Jolly Islet and Island g6 is Small Islet.
16 DecemberOff Cabbage Tree Cove, North Island (Island h). Island h4 in this vicinity is also untraced (it might be David Islet) and whether Brown landed on Centre Island (Island hh) also remains unclear — there are plants from there, but they may have been gathered by others. Observation Island (Island h3) visited, see Vallance (1990: 73–74) for summary.
19 DecemberOff Wheatley Island (Island g2).
20 DecemberAt E. Entrance to channel between North and Centre Islands.
22 DecemberOff Cabbage Tree Cove, North Island again.
31 December–1 January 1803Maria Island (Island l), Gulf of Carpentaria.
4 JanuaryMalagayangu District, Arnhem Land. Carpentaria Main opposite Groote Eyland of the plant labels. It appears only Flinders went to Bickerton Island (Island n)
5–17 JanuaryGroote Eylandt and vicinity. For example:
14 JanuaryCavern or Chasm Island, off Groote Eylandt.
16 JanuaryWinchelsea Island (Island p) visited by Bauer, Good, and Allen.
18 JanuaryBustard Island (Island q1).
19 January–1 FebruaryBlue Mud Bay, Arnhem Land.
20 JanuaryMorgans Island (Island s).
26 JanuaryCape Shield (Point T).
2–11 FebruaryCaledon Bay, Arnhem Land area. Arnhem/ Arnheim South Bay of Brown's plant labels and other writings.
3 FebruaryAnchorage at Grays Bay.
13–17 FebruaryNhulunbury/Gove area, Melville Bay, Arnhem Land. Arnhem/Arnheim North Bay of the plant labels.
13 FebruaryAnchorage at Gove Harbour.
17–27 FebruaryAt the English Company Islands: Wigram Island (Island y), Pobassoo Island (Island y2), Brown ashore on 18 February, Cotton Island (Island y1), Astell Island (Island y3) and Inglis Island (Island z) visited by the naturalists..
17 FebruaryOff S. Point of Cotton Island.
23 FebruaryOff N.E. pont of Inglis Island. Natualists collect here and at Bosanquet Island (Island z4).
28 February–5 MarchArnhem Bay area (North Coast Bay No 3 of Brown's usage).
28 FebruaryOff Mallinson Island (Island ), Brown collected here.
2 MarchOff an island known as Y2, Brown collected here.
4 MarchOff Everett Island (Island 1 ), Brown collected here, others collected at Low Island and Hardy island (Island 2 ) and on the nearby mainland (Y3).
12 MarchNew Year Island, only Peter Good collected.
Timor (Mabberley, 1985: 107–8; Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.17)
31 March–8 AprilKupang, Timor. From here Investigator sailed back to Sydney, unfortunately now with tropical dysentery aboard.
Western Australia
21 MayGoose Island Bay again, Archipelago of the Recherche.
New South Wales
9 JuneThe ship and the surviving expedition members arrived at Port Jackson. Peter Good the diarist, died soon after arrival.

Brown and the naturalists in Australia after the circumnavigation

The expedition could be said to have come to an end with the departure of Flinders in late 1803. However, Brown & Bauer remained in Australia until May 1805, making local expeditions and trips further afield. They continued collecting and drawing. Their itinerary in given below:

New South Wales (Vallance et al., 2001: Chap. 19).
28 NovemberBrown sailed in Lady Nelson for Tasmania.
Bass Strait (See Vallance, 1990, Moore, 2000 and Vallance et al., 2001: 20).
12–31 DecemberStormbound at East Cove, Deal Island, Kents Group, Bass Strait.
Tasmania (See Vallance, 1990; Moore, 2000: Fig. 1 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chap. 20).
1–19 JanuaryPort Dalrymple, northern Tasmania. Several anchorages:
1 JanuaryAnchorage off Lagoon Beach.
3 JanuaryAnchorage at York Cove.
5 JanuaryOff Inspection Head, entrance to Western Arm.
7 JanuaryAbove Middle Island also Egg Island and Nelsons'Shoal, River Tamar.
8 JanuaryAbove 'Upper Island' (= Tamar Island), River Tamar.
9–10 JanuaryBoat parties visit the South Esk Gorge — the Cataract River of the plant labels (Moore, 2000: Photo 3; Vallance et al, 2001: fig.26).
11–18 JanuaryAt Lagoon Beach, Port Dalrymple.
Victoria (See Vallance, 1990, Moore, 2000 and Vallance et al., 2000: Chap. 20).
21–30 JanuaryAt Port Phillip area. Brown's second visit.
24–25 JanuaryBrown at Arthur's Seat.
Tasmania (See Vallance, 1990; Moore, 2000 and Vallance et al., 2001: Chaps. 21 & 22).
9 February–9 AugustBrown's Tasmanian records are particularly poor, but apparently he was based at Risdon Cove and occasionally Sullivans Cove (Hobart), River Derwent. During this time numerous overland collecting excursions were made and much collecting done. He climbed Mt. Wellington, Montis Tabularis of the plant labels, some ten times. Also visited were Anna Maria River [Margate Rivulet] of the plant labels.
11 JanuaryBrown collecting at Risdon Cove.
12 JanuaryAt Herdsmans Cove.
18–20? JanuaryFirst ascent of Mr. Wellington.
27–28 JanuaryAnother ascent of Mt. Wellington.
5 MarchStart of boat journey up the Derwent.
6 MarchAt Lawitta (above New Norfork).
8 MarchAt Sullivans Cove (Hobart).
12–15 MarchA hollow tree at the foot of Mt Wellington, the summit reached and back to the tree (see Moore, 2000: 135 & Table 3).
27 MarchStart of another boat journey up the Derwent. Places visited are difficult to determine, see Vallance (1990: 81), Moore (2000: 135) and Vallance et al. (2001: Chap. 21).
1 AprilReturn journey began.
5 AprilBack at Risdon Cove.
11 AprilCollecting on Mt Wellington.
20 AprilBrown returned to Sullivans Cove from at attempt to reach the River Huon.
2–16 MayJourney to the Huon and return to Sullivans Cove.
7 MayAt the site of present-day Huonville.
21 MayAt Risdon Cove
28 MayJourney to the west of Mt Wellington.
1 JuneAt Sullivans Cove.
12 JuneStart of a boat journey to Storm Bay
15 JuneBrown at Bruny Island.
17 JuneAt Port Esperance.
20 JuneBrown based at Risdon Cove again.
9–24 AugustAt sea on the Ocean bound for Sydney.
Bauer meanwhile independently went to the Hunter River in March to April 1804 and sailed to Norfolk Island on the Albion in August 1804.
New South Wales (see Vallance et al., 2001: Chap. 24 and 25).
24 August–11 OctoberBased at Sydney, Port Jackson.
12 October–20 NovemberAt Newcastle and the Hunter River area. At the time Brown made his boat journey the names were but recently allocated and Brown was muddled. His `Patersons River' is the Hunter River, his `Williams River' is the Paterson River and his `Hunters River' is the Williams River (Vallance, 1990: 83).
12 OctoberAt Newcastle (Kings Town or Kingston of the plant labels). The new coal mine visited.
14 OctoberAt Ash Island (cf. Vallance, 1990: 83).
16 OctoberStart of boat journey up the Hunter River.
17 OctoberJust below the junction of the `Patersons River' [=Hunter River] and 'Williams River' [=Patersons River].
18 OctoberBoat journey up the `Patersons' [=Hunter] River.
19 OctoberAbove Mt Anna of the plant labels [=Comerfords Hill]
20 OctoberAt Mt Elizabeth of plant records [=Mt Hudson]
21 OctoberStart of return journey.
23–28 OctoberResident at Kingstown [=Newcastle]
28 OctoberStart of journey up the `Hunter' [=Williams] River.
29 (and 31) OctoberAt Clarence Town.
30 OctoberAt the head of Williams River navigation and probably on to Boatfall Creek.
1 NovemberBanks of Williams River above the Cedar Arm [=Hunter River]
2 NovemberUp the present day Hunter River to the junction with the Patersons River [Brown's Williams River]
3 NovemberPaterson area.
4 NovemberMt Johnstone climbed.
21 November Back at Sydney.
Sydney area and Grose and Hawksbury River collecting, New South Wales (Vallance et al., 2001: Chaps. 25–26)
16–18 DecemberWith George Caley (1770–1829) at Parramatta.
20 December–7 January 1805Grose River valley collecting trip from Badgery's farm (see Vallance et al., 2001: Chap.25).
21 DecemberStart of excursion up the Grose River.
22–23 DecemberAt the Grose tributary Burralow Creek.
25 DecemberAt Badgery's farm ?
27–30 DecemberSecond excursion up the Grose.
31 December 1804Grose River / Burralow Creek area.
1 January 1805Cabbage Tree Creek area.
2–7 JanuaryAt Badgery's farm.
8 JanuaryAt the Hawkesbury River near Green Hills [=Windsor] and Cattai Creek.
9–16 JanuaryIn the Hawkesbury River area.
Late January and FebruaryCollecting locally in the Sydney neighbourhood, sometimes with George Caley.
11 MarchFerdinand Bauer returned from Norfolk Island on the sea-trial of the refitted Investigator.
16–20 MarchBrown and Bauer collected in the neighbourhood of the Hawkesbury River.
23 MayExpedition members left Sydney in the patched-up
Homeward faring (Vallance et al., Chap. 27).
23 MayExpedition members left Sydney in the patched-up Investigator.
14 JulyShip well south of Cape Horn.
19 AugustThe northern hemisphere reached.
13 OctoberInvestigator reached Liverpool.

The website

This site is a byproduct of a database made between 1983 and 2000 (Groves & Moore, 1986) in connection with the preparation of the Australian Diary of Robert Brown for publication by Vallance et al. (2001). In connection with this project the Diary editors found that Brown used temporary manuscript names for his gatherings because the plants he collected were new and unpublished. Correlation of these manuscript names with the published names is helped by this index. However, these data respresent the state of knowledge on Brown's plant collections in mid 2001 and are almost certainly incomplete.

The Fields

The Brown database and the search page contain the following fields.

Bennett Number

This was assigned in the mid 1870s when Robert Brown's collection of dried Australian plants dating from 1801–1805 was first catalogued at the British Museum (see Groves & Moore, 1989; Moore and Beasley, 1997). This catalogue, the Bennett Register (B.76), was instigated after Brown's death by J.J. Bennett (1800–1879) who had been Brown's assistant at the Museum. For the most part the top set of Brown's plants have a blue sticker on which is printed `R. Brown, Iter Australiensis 1802–5 Presented by the direction of J.J. Bennett, 1876' and an ink-written number. This number appears in the Register. The Register itself was written by James Britten (1846–1924) and Henry Trimen (1843–1896) and is the `Britten Register' of Maslin & Cowan (1995).

The 'Bennett Numbers' for the cryptogamic plants run from 1 to 306. For example, the ferns and allies are numbered from 1–141; the marine algae from 157–274; the freshwater algae (Charophytes) from 275–279 and the mosses from 280–294. The fungi were numbered from 142–156 (although these are no longer at BM) and the lichens from 500–579 (Groves & Moore, 1989: 68), although these numbers have no corresponding register entry. The Angiosperm numbers run from 2001–6371. For example, the Compositae are numbered from 2001–2308; the Proteaceae from 3235–3436; the Leguminosae (senu latu) from 4001–4387; 4829–4835 and 5000–5100; the Myrtaceae from 4555–4828; 5278; 6303–6304 and 6321 and the Graminae from 6088–6297. There is also a small collection of fruits and seeds bearing number from 6359–6371. However, the Register contains only names — which may be current or manuscript — and numbers (Groves & Moore, 1989: 68). For the locality of the gatherings Brown's original herbarium labels, his Diary papers (B.1. and B.12), his workbooks/fascicles (B.3.), and descriptive slips (B.65) should be consulted. Various Australasian institutions hold photocopies of the slips (see Flora of Australia 1: 33).

Last Determined Name
The most recent determination is that used in BM herbarium.
The family name is that under which the BM herbarium was arranged in the nineteenth century following the move from the British Museum at Bloomsbury. The order today is a modification of that used by Bentham and Hooker (1862–1883).
The present-day Australian State.
Label data

This is an unedited transcription of Brown's original label data of specimens in his herbarium. It contains (1) the manuscript name which the plant was given on collection; (2) other manuscript names; (3) some basic ecological data, e.g. `... In paludosis ad radices collium Bay I ora australis Nova Hollandia Jany 11 1802 desc ...' (see below); and (4) Matthew Flinders's original chart nomenclature where appropriate, e.g. 'Island y2' [= Astells Island, Northern Territory] and the few geographical names that were published in 1801–1805. The key to the chart names was given by Burbidge (1956) and this appears in Stearn's (1960) Introduction to the facsimile of Brown's Prodromus of 1810. These data have been qualified by Clarkson (1988) and Vallance (1990). Both these authors record that Brown did not collect at all the places listed by Burbidge (1965) and Stearn (1960). In a few cases the pagination of Brown's (1810) publication details was added later to the labels by Brown.

Some of the species noted here were drawn by the expedition's botanical artist, Ferdinand Bauer, but rarely the same specimen. There is one known exception (Mabberley & Moore, 1999: 84) and that is Bennett 2613, Levenhookia pusilla R.Br. (Stylidiaceae) from King George Sound. The original label records'... my best specimen and that from which Mr Bauer's drawing was made ...'. The drawing appears in Bauer (1813–16/17: t.15 bottom & and Bauer 1989: t.15 bottom). The catalogue of the drawn species (Mabberley & Moore, 1999) refers to completed drawings in the Botany Library of the Natural History Museum, London. The corresponding zoology drawings in the Natural History Museum, London, have been catalogued by Wheeler & Moore (1994). Bauer's surviving original field sketches are in the Natürhistorisches Museum, Vienna (W).

Finally, it should be remembered that this field is, for the most part, a transcription, and contains Brown's 18th century abbreviations and spellings. Example:

Bennett number 2567. Last determined name, Scaevola paludosa R.Br. Family Goodeniaceae. State `WA'. The original labels data reads Scaevola paludosa Nob prodr 586 In paludosis ad radices collium Bay I ora australis Nova Hollandia Jany 11 1802 desc ....

Literature quoted

Bauer, F.L. 1813–1816/17. Illustrationes Florae Novæ Hollandiæ, sive Icones Generum quae in Prodromo Florae Novæ Hollandiæ et Insulae Van Diemen descripsit Robertus Brown. The Artist, London [& Vienna].

Bauer, F.L. 1989 (facsimile). Illustrationes Florae Novae Hollandiae sive Icones Generum quae in Prodromo Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen descripsit Robertus Brown. Alecto Historical Editions in association with the British Museum (Natural History), London.

Bentham and Hooker, 1862–1883. Genera Plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis Kewensibus servata definita. Lovell Reeve & Co., London.

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen, ... Printed by Richard Taylor and Sons, London.

Burbidge, N.T. 1956. Robert Brown's Australian collecting localities. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 80: 229–233.

Cooper, H.M. 1953. The Unknown Coast: Being the explorations of Captain Matthew Flinders, R.N. along the shores of South Australia 1802. The Advertiser. Printing Office, for the Author. Adelaide.

Cooper, H.M. 1955. The Unknown Coast: A supplement. Adelaide.

Clarkson, J. 1988. A cautionary note on Robert Brown's Australian collecting localities. Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter 57 (December 1988).

Groves, E.W. and Moore, D.T. 1986. Preparation of a first listing of the plants collected in Australia by Robert Brown (1773–1858) during the Flinders voyage of 1801–1895. Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter 49 (December 1986).

Groves, E.W. and Moore, D.T. 1989. A list of the Cryptogams and gymnospermous plant specimens in the British Museum (Natural History) gathered by Robert Brown in Australia, 1801–5. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 111: 65–102.

Mabberley, D.J. 1985. Jupiter Botanicus. Wheldon & Wesley, the British Museum (Natural History) and J. Cramer, London.

Mabberley, D.J. & Moore, D.T. 1999. Catalogue of the holdings in the Natural History Museum (London) of the Australian botanical drawings of Ferdinand Bauer (1760–1826) and cognate materials relating to the Investigator voyage of 1801–1805. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London: Botany Series 29: 81–226.

Moore, D.T. 2000. Some aspects of the work of the botanist Robert Brown (1773–1858) in Tasmania, 1804. Tasforests 12: 123–146.

Moore, D.T. and Beasley, M. 1997. The botanical manuscripts of Robert Brown. Archives of Natural History. 24: 237–280.

Maslin, B.R. and Cowan, R.S. 1995. Robert Brown, the typification of his new Acacia names in edition 2 of Aiton's 'Hortus Kewensis'. Nuytsia 10: 107–118.

Stearn, W.T. 1960. Introduction to the facsimile edition of Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen, ...

Vallance, T.G. 1990. Jupiter Botanicus in the Bush. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 112: 49–86.

Vallance, T.G., Moore, D.T. and Groves, E.W. (A.E. Orchard and A. Wilson eds.) 2001. Nature's Investigator: The diary of Robert Brown in Australia, 1801–1805. Australian Biological Resources Study, Flora. Canberra.

Wheeler, A. 1993. The zoological manuscripts of Robert Brown. Archives of Natural History 20: 417–424.

Wheeler, A. and Moore D.T. 1994. The animal drawings of Ferdinand Bauer in the Natural History Museum, London. Archives of Natural History 21: 309–34.

Willis, J.H. 1955–6. Robert Brown's collectings in Victoria. Muelleria 1: 51–54.

Willis, J.H. and Skewes, C.J. 1956. Robert Brown's Bass Strait Journal. Muelleria 1: 46–50.

Wills, J.H. 1959. Plants of the Recherche Archipelago, W.A. Muelleria 1: 97–101.