Monoecious or dioecious shrub, 0.3-2 m high, cone with long spines. Fl. Jan to Dec. Sandy soils, clay. In heath on lateritic foothills & sandplains.
Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Coolgardie, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P1, Avon Wheatbelt P2, Eastern Mallee, Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Lesueur Sandplain, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Cross, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions: WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Augusta-Margaret River, Beverley, Bruce Rock, Busselton, Carnamah, Chapman Valley, Collie, Corrigin, Cranbrook, Dandaragan, Denmark, Donnybrook-Balingup, Dowerin, Dumbleyung, Dundas, Esperance, Gingin, Gnowangerup, Greater Geraldton, Irwin, Jerramungup, Kent, Kojonup, Kulin, Lake Grace, Mundaring, Murray, Nannup, Narrogin, Pingelly, Plantagenet, Ravensthorpe, Toodyay, Victoria Plains, West Arthur, Wickepin, Williams, Woodanilling, York.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/