Cyanella L.

Gen.Pl. Ed. 5, 149 (1754)
Name Status

Scientific Description

Family Tecophilaeaceae.

Sometimes included in Liliaceae.

Habit and leaf form. Herbs. Perennial (leaves and inflorescence annual). Leaves basal. Plants with a basal concentration of leaves. Young stems erect and partly leafy. Cormous (globose). Leaves alternate; spiral, or distichous; sessile; sheathing. Leaf sheaths with free margins. Leaves simple. Leaf blades entire; linear to lanceolate, or ovate, or orbicular; ovate to linear; parallel-veined; without cross-venules; sheathing. Leaves without stipules. Leaf blade margins entire. Leaf anatomy. Guard-cells not ‘grass type’. Hairs absent. Extra-floral nectaries absent. Stem anatomy. Secondary thickening absent.

Reproductive type, pollination. Fertile flowers hermaphrodite. Unisexual flowers absent. Plants hermaphrodite.

Inflorescence and flower features. Flowers aggregated in ‘inflorescences’; in racemes. Inflorescences scapiflorous to not scapiflorous; terminal; inflorescence openly branched, to 40 cm tall. Flowers pedicellate (curved); bracteate (lanceolate); ebracteolate; regular; 3 merous; cyclic; tetracyclic. Perigone tube present (short), or absent. Perianth of ‘tepals’ (the members spreading or reflexed); 6; 2 -whorled; isomerous; petaloid; similar in the two whorls; white, or pink, or purple (lilac-purple). Androecial members definite in number. Androecium 6. Androecial members adnate; all equal, or markedly unequal; free of one another to coherent (via shortly connate filament bases). Androecium exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens 6; all more or less similar in shape; diplostemonous; filantherous, or with sessile anthers. Anthers separate from one another, or connivent; basifixed; non-versatile; apically dehiscing via pores; introrse; appendaged, or unappendaged. The anther appendages apical, or basal, or apical and basal. Gynoecium 3 carpelled. The pistil 3 celled. Carpels isomerous with the perianth. Gynoecium syncarpous; eu-syncarpous; partly inferior. Ovary plurilocular; 3 locular. Gynoecium stylate. Styles 1; apical. Stigmas 1; minutely 3 - lobed; small, capitate. Placentation axile. Ovules 20–50 per locule (numerous); in two rows; non-arillate; anatropous.

Fruit and seed features. Fruit non-fleshy; dehiscent (loculicidally, apical); a capsule. Capsules apically loculicidal. Fruit many seeded. Seeds endospermic; small. Embryo well differentiated. Testa encrusted with phytomelan.