Hakea francisiana F.Muell. Emu Tree
Fragm. 1:20 (1858)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Monday 23 June 2003

Non-lignotuberous shrub or tree, 3-8 m high. Fl. pink-red, Jul to Oct. Yellow or red sand, sandy clay, loam, clay, gravel, quartz. Sandplains.


Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Coolgardie, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Great Victoria Desert, Mallee, Murchison, Yalgoo.

IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P1, Avon Wheatbelt P2, Central, Eastern Goldfield, Eastern Mallee, Eastern Murchison, Eastern, Maralinga, Geraldton Hills, Recherche, Shield, Southern Cross, Tallering, Western Mallee.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Bruce Rock, Carnamah, Coolgardie, Coorow, Cunderdin, Dalwallinu, Dowerin, Dundas, Esperance, Greater Geraldton, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Kellerberrin, Kondinin, Koorda, Kulin, Lake Grace, Laverton, Meekatharra, Menzies, Merredin, Mingenew, Morawa, Mount Marshall, Mukinbudin, Narembeen, Perenjori, Sandstone, Tammin, Westonia, Wiluna, Wongan-Ballidu, Wyalkatchem, Yalgoo, Yilgarn.

Scientific Description
Chris Hollister and Nicholas S. Lander, Tuesday 8 April 2008

Common Name(s). Cork Tree.

Habit and leaf form. Trees or shrubs, 3–8 m high. Leaves alternate, leaves (80–)100–250(–260) mm long overall. Leaf blade (80–)100–250 mm long, 4–10 mm wide, undissected, linear, flat; margins entire; indumentum absent.

Inflorescence and floral features. Inflorescence axillary, racemose. Flowers pedicellate, red and pink. Pedicel 1.5–2.5 mm long. Perianth (perigone) 7–8 mm long. Pistil 16–23 mm long. Pollen presenter simple.

Fruit and seed features. Fruit 14–25 mm long, 10–16 mm wide; corky tetrahedral projections absent; red-brown and pale wood zones absent. Seed 10–22 mm long; 5.5–9 mm wide; wing discontinuous, marginal, extending down one lateral side only.

Distribution. Western Australia, or South Australia. IBRA Bioregions ER: COO, GVD, MUR, and YAL; SW: AW.

Habitat. Amongst tall (sclerophyll) shrubland (Acacia shrubland, sandplain, spinifex sandplain); in gravelly soil, or sand, or loam, or clay (quartz).

Flowering Time. July to October.

Etymology. Francisiana - honouring George William Francis (1800–1865), first director of the Adelaide Botanical Gardens.

Descriptions were generated using DELTA format and DELTA software: Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993 onwards, 1995 onwards, 1998)