Hormosira banksii (Turner) Decne.
Ann.Sci.Nat.,Bot. 331 (1842)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia
Name Status: Current


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Eastern Mallee, Fitzgerald, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: Victorian Embayments, WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Esperance, Jerramungup, Ravensthorpe.

Scientific Description
John Huisman & Cheryl Parker, Thursday 8 September 2016

Habit and structure. Thallus medium to dark brown, (5–)10–30 cm long, with one to several fronds from a thin, discoid, holdfast 3–10 mm across, epilithic or occasionally free floating. Fronds simple to several times subdi- or polychotomously branched at close to distant intervals, formed of a series of moniliform vesicular segments, slender near the base, mostly 5–15(–30) mm in diameter, varying from elongate-ovoid to subspherical depending on the variety, connected by narrow internodes 1–5 mm long and 1–2 mm thick, becoming slightly verrucose as conceptacles develop. Growth from a group of 4 adjacent apical cells, each three-sided in transverse section, in an apical groove. Structure of hollow segments with an inner, filamentous, reticulate, medulla, a parenchymatous cortex and outer meristoderm.

Reproduction. Thalli dioecious. Conceptacles scattered over the segments, largely within the cortex, with sex organs, simple paraphyses, and phaeophycean hairs within the ostiole. Female conceptacles with sessile, obovoid to clavate, oogonia, 120–160 µm long and 40–80 µm in diameter, forming 4 eggs. Male conceptacles with antheridia on branched paraphyses, elongate-ovoid, 30–40(–45) µm long and 7–14 µm in diam.

Distribution. From Walpole, W. Aust., around southern Australia and Tas., to Port Macquarie, N.S.W., Lord Howe I., Norfolk I.

[After Womersley, Mar. Benthic Fl. Southern Australia II: 341–342 (1987)]