Plocamium cartilagineum (L.) P.S.Dixon
Blumea 58 (1967)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren, Yalgoo.

IBRA Subregions: Edel, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: Central West Coast, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Augusta-Margaret River, Capel, Carnarvon, Cockburn, Cottesloe, Esperance, Manjimup, Rockingham, Wanneroo.

Scientific Description
John Huisman & Cheryl Parker, Thursday 8 September 2016

Habit and structure. Thallus slender and much branched, 5–20 cm high. Erect axes (0.7–)1–1.5 mm broad. Ramuli normally in alternate series of 3–4, occasionally in pairs or as many as 5–10; normally all ramuli except the lowest are branched, with the uppermost and sometimes the second developing as long laterals; lowest ramulus subulate to almost linear, often curved, entire, 1–2(–2.5) mm long and about 0.25 mm or less broad at its base.

Reproduction. Sexual thalli dioecious. Cystocarps sessile, globular, smooth, 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter, borne singly or several adjacent in the axils or on the margins of ramuli. Spermatangia covering the surface of ramuli and axes in apical regions. Stichidia borne in the axils of ramuli or grouped on the upper margin of ramuli and along the axes, usually simple and lanceolate at first but becoming branched at wide angles near their upper ends, sometimes subdichotomously branched 1–4 times lower down; individual stichidia (150–)250–400(–1000) µm long and 80–100 µm in diameter, with a short pedicel. Tetrasporangia biseriate, ovoid, 40–55 µm long and 27–32 µm in diameter, zonately divided.

Distribution. Temperate seas throughout the world. In Australia, from Shark Bay, W. Aust., around southern coasts to Newcastle, N.S.W. (probably to Caloundra, Qld) and around Tas.

Habitat. Found on coasts of strong to moderate wave action and known from depths of 2–26 m.

[After Womersley, Mar. Benthic Fl. Southern Australia IIIA: 389–391 (1994)]