Prostrate annual, herb. Fl. yellow, Jan to Feb or Apr to May. Disturbed areas.
Alternative Names. Gooseberry Cucumber, Paddy Melon.
General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Birds, water, machinery, garden/other waste, herbivorous mammals (including rabbits and cattle). Toxicity. Potentially toxic to sheep, cattle, horses and pigs.
Notes. Prefers bare disturbed areas with summer moisture. Slender taproot with many, strong, shallow laterals. Germinates in spring and summer, particularly after summer rain. Grows rapidly. Declared plant in California.
Additional information. Origin. Southern Africa.
Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove isolated plants before flowering. Has a high tolerance to glyphosate. Metsulfuron applied by backpack at 4.2 g/ha + wetting agent is effective, otherwise spot spray 2 ml Garlon® in 10 L of water + wetting agent. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
|Germination||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Often after summer rainfall|
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/