The paper describes or makes new combinations for several species and subspecies of Melaleuca considered to be rare or threatened. Six species and two subspecies, Melaleuca araucarioides, M. fissurata, M. ordinifolia, M. pomphostoma, M. ringens, M. sculponeata, M. viminea subsp. appressa and M. huegelii subsp. pristicensis are described as new. M. tenella Bentham is reduced to a subspecies of M. incana R. Br. and M. densa var. pritzelii Domin is raised to specific rank.