Many species of Lepidosperma Labill. have been poorly circumscribed, resulting in significant nomenclatural confusion. Full descriptions of six species based solely on type specimens held in the Webb Herbarium in Florence (FI-W) and the Preiss Herbarium in Lund (LD) are presented here in order to facilitate accurate application of the names involved. Descriptions are provided for Lepidosperma costale Nees, L. gladiatum Labill., L. fimbriatum Nees, L. humile (Nees) Boeck., L. longitudinale Labill. and L. squamatum Labill., as well as notes about these species.