Western Australian Flora Statistics 2016 Flora Statistics

Statistics for the Western Australian flora at or below the rank of species for all groups traditionally managed by herbaria, including vascular plants, algae, fungi, lichens, mosses and slime moulds.

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Summary

Comparison of 2016’s data with the previous year.

  • the addition of 265 vascular plant names to the Census of Western Australian Plants database;
  • there are 77 additional taxa recognised as occurring in the State: 44 native taxa and 33 naturalised taxa;
  • the number of published species rose by 171 to 11,436, including 144 native species and 27 naturalised species. This is the most significant number of species published in a single year since 2007-8, the last time 2 complete volumes of Nuytsia were published in a single year;
  • significant decreases in the number of manuscript names (-24, down to 46), and the number of phrase names (-92, down to 1,291) in current use, due predominantly to their transition into published taxa;
  • therefore, for the sixth year in succession, there has been a decrease (-116) in the number of putative taxa yet to be researched and published, from 1,453 in 2015 to 1,337 in 2016.
  • the net addition of 198 cryptogam names entered into the Census of Western Australian Plants database (including 36 synonyms);
  • an additional 163 current published native cryptogam species are now recorded in the Census: 1 moss, 102 fungi, 0 slimemoulds, 11 algae and 49 lichens;
  • the number of published native lichen species now significantly exceeds Ray Cranfield’s 2004 estimates. When publishing the lichen census for WA that year he estimated there would be c. 700 lichen species occurring in the State—there are now 772 recorded in the Census.

Notes

Dicotyledons
Used in its traditional sense to retain compatibility with previous tables and for ease of use. ‘Dicotyledons’ now refers to a paraphyletic assemblage of the Nymphaeales, ‘magnoliids’ and ‘eudicot’ clades, see our systematic sequence.
Species
A published name at the rank of species.
Taxa
Commonly refers to a published name at any rank, but these statistics only refer to taxa at or below species rank.

Cryptogams

Statistics for the cryptogamic flora groups were first compiled in 2006. For these, the statistics should only be considered adequate or representative for the lichens, myxomycetes and for the mosses (bryophyta) of the Perth region. For the remaining groups, specialists have provided the following estimates of the actual number of species that could be found to occur in WA once adequate field and taxonomic studies have been made.

Fungi (both macro- and micro-fungi)
Pascoe (1991) suggests the ratio of plants to fungi is about 1:10 in Australia, i.e. 25,000 plants (native and exotic), and 250,000 fungi. So, if WA has 14,000 vascular plants, then the estimated number of fungi in WA would be 140,000 (Neale Bougher, pers. comm.).
Lichens (lichenised fungi)
Ray Cranfield (pers. comm.) suggests that even with the recent publication of a State census of lichens (Cranfield, 2004), there are likely to be in the order of another 70 taxa likely to be discovered in coming years.
Algae (including marine macro- and micro-algae, dinoflagellates, diatoms and freshwater macro-algae)
John Huisman (pers. comm.) notes that the estimated number of macroalgae occurring in WA is 1,400, given that much of the northwest remains to be explored and we are still uncovering new records/species in all parts of WA. He also notes that “my earlier compilation of diatom/dinoflagellate and other microalgal records for WA included around 600 diatoms and 150 dinoflagellates (the other groups were negligible); marine and freshwater were included. The multiplication factor used by Watson et al. (1995) to estimate the world’s algal species was x10, so WA’s microalgae will probably add up to approximately 7,500 spp.” If we also allow around 100 species of freshwater macroalgae, then the putative number of algae will total some 9,000 taxa.
Bryophytes (the paraphyletic assemblage of mosses, liverworts and hornworts)
Streimann & Klazenga (2002) list 212 moss taxa occurring in WA, and McCarthy (2003) lists 90 taxa of liverworts and hornworts. As these figures are comparable in size to those listed for the Australian Capital Territory (a region one-thousandth the area), we might expect there are a number of bryophytes yet to discover. Conservatively, the estimated number of taxa occurring in WA could be put at 400 (Ray Cranfield, pers. comm.)
Myxomycetes (slime moulds)
After the publication of a census of slime moulds (Knight and Brims, 2010) the estimated maximum number of taxa occurring in WA may be put at 200 (Karina Knight, pers. comm.)

References

  • Biggs, L. and Chappill, J., (2008). An annotated census of the mosses of the Perth Region, Western Australia. Nuytsia 18 (1) : 1–30.
  • Cranfield, R.J., (2004). Lichen Census of Western Australia. Nuytsia 15 (2) : 193–220.
  • Huisman, J.M., Cowan, R.A. & Entwisle, T.J. (1998). Biodiversity of Australian marine macroalgae — a progress report. Bot. Mar. 41: 89–93.
  • Knight, K.J. and Brims M.H. (2010). Myxomycota census of Western Australia. Nuytsia 20: 283–307.
  • McCarthy, P.M. (2003). Catalogue of Australian liverworts and hornworts. Flora of Australia supplementary series. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
  • Pascoe, I.G. (1991). History of systematic mycology in Australia. In: History of Systematic Botany in Australasia. Ed by: P. Short. Australian Systematic Botany Society Inc. pp. 259–264.
  • Streimann, H. and Klazenga, N. (2002). Catalogue of Australian mosses. Flora of Australia supplementary series. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
  • Watson, R.T., Heywood, V.H., Baste, I., Dias, B., Gamez, R., Janetos, T., Reid, W. & Ruark, G. (1995). Global Biodiversity Assessment. Summary for Policy-Makers. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Melbourne. 46 pp.

Compiled by Alex Chapman; last updated on 1 June 2016 .

Recommended figures
  • Current Taxa: The actual number of known taxon names in Western Australia
  • Published Species: A conservative estimate of the number of well-documented species