Hypolaena fastigiata R.Br.

Prodr. 251 (1810)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Native to Western Australia
Name Status

Dioecious rhizomatous, perennial, herb, 0.15-0.3 m high. Fl. brown, Sep to Nov (and possibly later). White or grey peaty sand. Swamps.

Grazyna Paczkowska, Descriptive Catalogue, 4 July 1995

Scientific Description

Rhizomes spreading, glabrous. Basal sheath glabrous, glossy, striate. Culms terete, internal structure (at base of culm) solid, hairy, striate, not marbled, not fasciculate. Culm 120-300 mm long. Sheaths (including blade) appressed throughout, dull, striate, glabrous, margins not translucent. Apex finely pointed, glabrous. Dioecious (with separate male and female plants). Male and female inflorescences distinctly dissimilar, posture (male inflorescences only) Distinctly drooping, Culms branched below the inflorescence. Male spikelet 6-13 mm long. Subtending bract glabrous, Outer bract 2-4.6 mm long, margins thin and translucent, Apex acuminate to attenuate. Perianth glabrous. 2-2.5 mm long. Inner bract glabrous, margins firm and opaque, Apex acuminate to attenuate. Inner bract 2.5-3 mm long. Filament 0.3-0.5 mm long. Anther 1-1.2 mm long. Female spikelet 8-14 mm long. Subtending bract glabrous, margins firm and opaque, Apex acuminate to attenuate. Outer bract 4-6 mm long. Perianth glabrous. 9-12 mm long. Inner bracts 8-8.5 mm long, glabrous, margins firm and opaque, Apex acute. Style one, arising centrally from the ovary apex. 9-11 mm long. Fruit indehiscent (nut). Flowering Time September, October or November. Botanical Province South-West, IBRA Bioregions Swan Coastal Plain, Avon Wheatbelt, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Warren or Esperance.

C. Hollister and K.R. Thiele, 1 September 2017


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Eastern Mallee, Fitzgerald, Katanning, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions
WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Augusta Margaret River, Bunbury, Busselton, Claremont, Cranbrook, Denmark, Donnybrook-Balingup, Esperance, Gnowangerup, Harvey, Jerramungup, Kent, Kulin, Lake Grace, Manjimup, Nannup, Plantagenet, Ravensthorpe.