Amaryllis belladonna L. Belladonna Lily
Sp.Pl. 1:293 (1753)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Grazyna Paczkowska, Tuesday 28 June 1994

Bulbaceous, perennial, herb, to 0.4 m high. Fl. white-pink, Feb to Apr. Grey sand, loam.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Dandaragan Plateau, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Augusta-Margaret River, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Capel, Cranbrook, Donnybrook-Balingup, Gingin, Harvey, Mandurah, Nannup, Perth, Plantagenet, Rockingham, Waroona.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Thursday 21 December 2017

Alternative Names. Easter Lilly, Naked Ladies.

General Biology. Growth form. Geophyte. Life form. Perennial bulb. Reproduction. Offsets, seed. Dispersal. Birds, water, soil. Time to first flowering. 5 years. Seedbank persistence. Short, days-1 year. Fire response. Generally survives fire.

Notes. Naturalised in Chile including the Juan Fenandez Islands.

Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.

Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray glyphosate 1% + Pulse®. Apply after flowering just as new leaves emerge. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Dormant Y                     Y  
Active Growth   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y    
Flowering   Y Y                    
Fruiting       Y Y                
Optimum Treatment       Y Y                

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Arroyo, M.T.K., Maryicorena, C. Matthei, O. & Cavieres, L.A. (2000) Plant invasions in Chile: present patterns and future predictions. In: Mooney HA & RJ Hobbs (eds) Invasive species in a changing world. : 385-421 Island Press, Washington District of Columbia, USA.
  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Cueves, G.J., Marticorena, A. & Lohengrin, A. C. (2004) New additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernandez Islands: origin, distribution, life history traits and potential of invasion. Revista Chilena de Historia Natura, 77: 523-538.
  • Dafni, A., Cohen, D. & Noy-Meir, I. (1981) Life-cycle variation in geophytes. Annals of the Missouri Botanic Gardens, 68: 652-660.
  • Du Plessis, N. & Duncan G. (1989) Bulbous plants of Southern Africa. Tafelberg Publishers Ltd, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.

Project information and acknowledgements