Gladiolus angustus L. Long Tubed Painted Lady
Sp.Pl. 1:37 (1753)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 15 August 2007

Cormous, perennial, herb, 0.3-0.6(-0.9) m high. Fl. white-cream/pink-blue, Oct to Nov. Sand, sandy clay, wet soil. Disturbed land.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P2, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Augusta Margaret River, Brookton, Busselton, Canning, Claremont, Cranbrook, Esperance, Kalamunda, Mandurah, Manjimup, Murray, Nedlands, Perth, South Perth.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 26 August 2019

General Biology. Growth form. Geophyte. Life form. Annually renewed corm. Reproduction. Occasionally offsets, possibly seed. Dispersal. Soil, water. Fire response. Generally survives fire.

Notes. In South Africa it is pollinated by long-probiscid flies and does not have the capacity to self pollinate.

Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape. Similar exotic species. Gladioulus undulatus.

Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray metsulfuron methyl 0.2 g/15 L + glyphosate 1% + Pulse® in degraded sites. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Dormant Y Y Y                 Y  
Active Growth       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y    
Flowering               Y Y        
Fruiting                 Y Y      
Optimum Treatment             Y Y          

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. (1999) The Long-Proboscid Fly Pollination System in Gladiolus (Iridaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 86 (3): 758-774.
  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J. (1998) Gladiolus in Southern Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg, South Africa.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.

Project information and acknowledgements