Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis
Fl.Males. Ser.1,5:303 (1957)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 16 September 1997

Rampant climber, with fleshy leaves. Fl. white, Mar to Apr. Along creeklines.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Perth, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Denmark, Gosnells, Harvey, Manjimup, Melville, Perth, Stirling.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Thursday 21 December 2017

General Biology. Growth form. Vine. Reproduction. Detachable warty tubers on branches, tuberous roots, rhizomes, seed. Dispersal. Water, garden refuse, gravity, soil movements, possibly birds. Toxicity. suspected to be poisonous to livestock. Vegetative regeneration strategy. coppices/resprouts. Seedbank persistence. Aerial & underground tubers, 5-10 years. Fire response. Does not seem to affect tuber growth.

Notes. Vigorous climber, capable of smothering all vegetation. Plants can grow a metre per week in warm, humid conditions. Tubers can be football size or bigger, and can be found up to a metre underground. Weight of vine can crush trees and other species on which it grows, inwardly collapsing the forest margin.

Additional information. Origin. tropical South America. History of use/introduction. Garden escape. Similar native species. Muehlenbeckia adpressa.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull seedlings less than 3 cm high; dig out tubers, ensuring removal of every piece; cut aerial tubers from vines before removing plant; cut stems in solution of 1:2 glyphosate in water; stem scrape or drill and fill thick vines - 100% glyphosate (do not cut the stem completely); intensive follow up of resprouts at 2-4 leaf stage 2 to 3 times per year for up to ten years. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth Y Y Y Y         Y Y Y Y  
Flowering O O Y Y Y O              
Optimum Treatment Y Y Y Y Y       Y Y Y Y  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Armstrong, T. & Prior, S (1997) Control of Madiera vine (Anredera cordifolia) using mechanical methods, herbicides and hot fire. Environmental Weed Management Research, (July)Alan Fletcher Research Station, Resource Sciences Centre, Dept of Natural Resources Queensland.
  • Big Scrub Landcare Group (1998) Common weeds of northern NSW rainforest. Big Scrub Landcare Group, Mullumbimby.
  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Muyt, A. (2001) Bush invaders of South-East Australia: A guide to the identification and control of environmental weeds found in South-East Australia. R.G. & F.J. Richardson, Melbourne.
  • Navie, S. & Adkins, S. (2008) Environmental Weeds of Australia, An interactive identification and information resource for over 1000 invasive plants. Centre for Biological Information Technology, The University of Queensland.
  • Paczkowska, G. & Chapman, A.R. (2000) The Western Australian flora: A descriptive catalogue. Western Australian Wildflower Society (Inc.), Western Australian Herbarium and Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority, Perth.
  • Swarbrick, J.T. (1999) Seedling production by Madiera vine (Anredera cordifolia). Plant Protection Quarterly, 14 (1).

Project information and acknowledgements