Small tree, 1-10 m high. Fl. green, Nov to Dec or Jan. Peaty sand over limestone, loam. Along creeks.
General Biology. Growth form. Tree. Reproduction. Seed, stem fragments, suckering. Dispersal. Birds, mammals, water. Time to first flowering. five to ten years from seed, longer in shady sites. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Resprouts, produces root suckers, stem layering. Woody structure. Diffuse porous. Seedbank persistence. Possibly short, days-1 year. Fire response. May be able to resprout after fire.
Notes. Has a long lag time in the invasion process but once the correct conditions are met it can expand exponentially at a landscape scale. Eradication of small populations is therefore recommended. Requires the presence of a specific species of wasp for pollination and seed set. Deciduous in winter.
Additional information. Origin. Mediterranean region and Asia minor. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.
Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove seedlings. Stem inject with 50% glyphosate and foliar spray regrowth with 10% glyphosate. For stems less than 30 cm diametre apply 250 ml Access® in 15 L of diesel to basal 50 cm of trunk (basal bark). Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.