Ficus carica L. Common Fig
Sp.Pl. 2:1059 (1753)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Grazyna Paczkowska, Wednesday 12 July 1995

Small tree, 1-10 m high. Fl. green, Nov to Dec or Jan. Peaty sand over limestone, loam. Along creeks.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Dandaragan Plateau, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: Leeuwin-Naturaliste.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Armadale, Augusta-Margaret River, Bayswater, Busselton, Chittering, Cockburn, Dardanup, Fremantle, Gingin, Harvey, Kalamunda, Melville, Mundaring, Nannup, Rockingham, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Swan, Wanneroo.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 18 July 2016

General Biology. Growth form. Tree. Reproduction. Seed, stem fragments, suckering. Dispersal. Birds, mammals, water. Time to first flowering. five to ten years from seed, longer in shady sites. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Resprouts, produces root suckers, stem layering. Woody structure. Diffuse porous. Seedbank persistence. Possibly short, days-1 year. Fire response. May be able to resprout after fire.

Notes. Has a long lag time in the invasion process but once the correct conditions are met it can expand exponentially at a landscape scale. Eradication of small populations is therefore recommended. Requires the presence of a specific species of wasp for pollination and seed set. Deciduous in winter.

Additional information. Origin. Mediterranean region and Asia minor. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove seedlings. Stem inject with 50% glyphosate and foliar spray regrowth with 10% glyphosate. For stems less than 30 cm diametre apply 250 ml Access® in 15 L of diesel to basal 50 cm of trunk (basal bark). Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar TypeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecComments
FloweringY         YY 
FruitingYO        OY 
Germination  OOO   OOO  
Dormant    YYYY     
Optimum TreatmentYYO       OY 

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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  • Starr, F., Starr, S. & Loope, K. (2003) Ficus carica. Edible fig. Moraceae. United States Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Maui, Hawai'i. URL: - Accessed June 2009.

Project information and acknowledgements