Erica baccans L.
Mant.Pl. 233 (1771)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 29 September 1999

Slender,erect, woody shrub, to 1 m high. Fl. pink, Aug to Oct. Lateritic gravelly soils. Disturbed sites, hills, Jarrah woodland.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Manjimup.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 26 August 2019

General Biology. Growth form. Shrub. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Wind, water, garden refuse. Time to first flowering. 3+ years. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Resprouts from base. Seedbank persistence. Medium, 1-5 years. Fire response. Fire can destroy seed in surface soil however seed deeper in the soil profile will germinate prolifically.

Notes. Increasingly invasive in native heathland in Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia.

Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull or dig out small plants ensuring removal of all roots. Cut and paint with 20% glyphosate. Slash prior to seed set, spray regrowth within one year using 1% glyphosate. Regrowth is common so follow up treatment will be required. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Flowering               Y Y Y      
Fruiting                   Y Y Y  
Optimum Treatment     Y Y Y Y Y Y          

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Holmes, P.M. & Newton, R.J. (2004) Patterns of seed persistence in South African fynbos. Plant Ecology, 172 (1): 143-158.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Muyt, A. (2001) Bush invaders of South-East Australia: A guide to the identification and control of environmental weeds found in South-East Australia. R.G. & F.J. Richardson, Melbourne.

Project information and acknowledgements