Freesia alba × leichtlinii

Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Cormous, perennial, herb, 0.1-0.4 m high. Fl. cream & white & yellow & purple, Jul to Oct. Grey-white sand, lateritic soils or sandy clay. Amongst grasses in woodland or in disturbed areas.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 15 August 2007


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Dandaragan Plateau, Eastern Mallee, Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Katanning, Merredin, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions
Eucla, WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Armadale, Augusta Margaret River, Belmont, Beverley, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Brookton, Busselton, Cambridge, Capel, Chittering, Cockburn, Cranbrook, Cuballing, Dalwallinu, Dardanup, Donnybrook-Balingup, Dowerin, Dumbleyung, Esperance, Gingin, Gnowangerup, Gosnells, Harvey, Jerramungup, Kalamunda, Kojonup, Kondinin, Kulin, Lake Grace, Manjimup, Melville, Mundaring, Murray, Nannup, Narrogin, Nedlands, Northampton, Perth, Plantagenet, Quairading, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Stirling, Swan, Toodyay, Victoria Plains, Wandering, Wanneroo, Waroona, West Arthur, Westonia, Wickepin, Woodanilling, Wyalkatchem, York.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

General Biology. Growth form. Geophyte. Life form. Annually renewed corm. Reproduction. Primarily seed, occasionally offsets/stem-cormels. Dispersal. Water, soil, birds. Time to first flowering. 2-3 years. Seedbank persistence. Short, days-1 year. Fire response. Generally survives fire.

Notes. Naturalised in the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile.

Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.

Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray metsulfuron methyl 0.2 g/15 L + Pulse® or 2.5-5 g/ha + Pulse®. Apply just on flowering at corm exhaustion. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Dormant Y Y Y                 Y  
Active Growth       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y    
Flowering             O Y Y O      
Fruiting                   Y Y    
Germination         Y Y Y            
Optimum Treatment           O Y Y          

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Brown, K. & Paczkowska, G. (2008) Seed biology of two invasive South African geophytes and implications for natural area management. Ecological Management & Restoration, 9 (3): 232-234.
  • Cueves, G.J., Marticorena, A. & Lohengrin, A. C. (2004) New additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernandez Islands: origin, distribution, life history traits and potential of invasion. Revista Chilena de Historia Natura, 77: 523-538.
  • Du Plessis, N. & Duncan G. (1989) Bulbous plants of Southern Africa. Tafelberg Publishers Ltd, Cape Town, South Africa.
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  • Peirce, J.R. & Randall, R. (1999) Declared plant handbook: Index to control of declared plants; Cape Tulip (Homeria flaccida, Homeria miniata). Agriculture Western Australia.