Cormous, perennial, herb, 0.1-0.4 m high. Fl. cream & white & yellow & purple, Jul to Oct. Grey-white sand, lateritic soils or sandy clay. Amongst grasses in woodland or in disturbed areas.
Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P1, Avon Wheatbelt P2, Dandaragan Plateau, Eastern Mallee, Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions: Eucla, WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Armadale, Augusta Margaret River, Belmont, Beverley, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Brookton, Busselton, Cambridge, Capel, Chittering, Cockburn, Cranbrook, Cuballing, Dalwallinu, Dardanup, Donnybrook-Balingup, Dowerin, Dumbleyung, Esperance, Gingin, Gnowangerup, Gosnells, Harvey, Jerramungup, Kalamunda, Kojonup, Kondinin, Kulin, Lake Grace, Manjimup, Melville, Mundaring, Murray, Nannup, Narrogin, Nedlands, Northampton, Perth, Plantagenet, Quairading, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Stirling, Swan, Toodyay, Victoria Plains, Wandering, Wanneroo, Waroona, West Arthur, Westonia, Wickepin, Woodanilling, Wyalkatchem, York.
General Biology. Growth form. Geophyte. Life form. Annually renewed corm. Reproduction. Primarily seed, occasionally offsets/stem-cormels. Dispersal. Water, soil, birds. Time to first flowering. 2-3 years. Seedbank persistence. Short, days-1 year. Fire response. Generally survives fire.
Notes. Naturalised in the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile.
Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.
Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray metsulfuron methyl 0.2 g/15 L + Pulse® or 2.5-5 g/ha + Pulse®. Apply just on flowering at corm exhaustion. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/