Habit and leaf form. Herbs. Plants succulent; unarmed. Perennial. Leaves cauline. Plants with a basal concentration of leaves, or with neither basal nor terminal concentrations of leaves. Stems not ‘jointed’. Young stems cylindrical. Stem internodes solid. Helophytic to xerophytic. Leaves minute to large; alternate; spiral, or distichous; fleshy; petiolate to sessile; simple; epulvinate. Leaf blades entire; solid; semi-terete (more or less flattened above); linear, or obovate (clavate); attenuate at the base, or cuneate at the base. Leaves without stipules. Leaf blade margins entire. Leaves without a persistent basal meristem. Leaf anatomy. Hydathodes present, or absent. Hairs absent (usually, except for axillary pubescence). Extra-floral nectaries absent.
Reproductive type, pollination. Fertile flowers hermaphrodite. Unisexual flowers absent. Plants hermaphrodite.
Inflorescence and flower features. Flowers solitary; axillary; ebracteate; ebracteolate; minute, or small; regular; cyclic. Hypogynous disk present, or absent. Perianth sepaline; 5; 1 -whorled; joined (imbricate); fleshy, or non-fleshy; persistent; accrescent, or non-accrescent. Perianth members margins ciliate. Calyx present; not replaced by accrescent bracteoles; (interpreting the perianth as such) 5; gamosepalous; blunt-lobed; imbricate; tubular; non-fleshy; persistent (in the fruit); accrescent. The fruiting calyx not berrylike; winged, or tuberculate, or wingless, spineless and without tubercles. Corolla absent. Androecial members definite in number. Androecium 5. Androecial members free of the perianth, or adnate (to the base of the perianth); all equal; free of one another; 1 -whorled. Androecium exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens 5; all more or less similar in shape; isomerous with the perianth; oppositisepalous. Anthers bent inwards in bud; dehiscing via longitudinal slits; tetrasporangiate. Gynoecium (2–)5 carpelled. The pistil 1 celled. Gynoecium syncarpous; synovarious to synstylovarious; superior. Ovary unilocular; 1 locular; sessile. Gynoecium stylate. Styles (1–)2–3(–4); partially joined. Placentation basal. Ovules in the single cavity 1; pendulous, or ascending; non-arillate; campylotropous.
Fruit and seed features. Fruit non-fleshy (fruiting perianth dry); indehiscent; capsular-indehiscent, or a nut; without fleshy investment; 1 celled. Gynoecia of adjoining flowers combining to form a multiple fruit, or not forming a multiple fruit. Fruit 1 seeded. Seeds more or less non-endospermic. Perisperm present, or absent. Cotyledons 2. Embryo curved.
Etymology. From the Greek for "bone" and "fruit", alluding to the hard fruiting perianth.