Common name. Dodder Laurel. Family Lauraceae.
Habit and leaf form. Herbaceous climbers; evergreen; bearing essential oils, or without essential oils. Leaves much reduced. Partially parasitic. On aerial parts of the host. Perennial. Young stems cylindrical. Climbing; stem twiners. Leptocaul. Mesophytic. Leaves alternate; spiral; membranous; petiolate; non-sheathing; gland-dotted; aromatic; simple. Leaf blades entire; ovate, or triangular. Leaves without stipules; without a persistent basal meristem. Leaf anatomy. Hairs present, or absent. Stem anatomy. Secondary thickening developing from a conventional cambial ring.
Reproductive type, pollination. Fertile flowers hermaphrodite. Unisexual flowers absent. Plants hermaphrodite.
Inflorescence and flower features. Flowers aggregated in ‘inflorescences’; erect in racemes, or in spikes, or in heads, or in umbels, or in panicles. The terminal inflorescence unit racemose, or cymose. Inflorescences axillary; with involucral bracts, or without involucral bracts. Flowers pedicellate, or sessile; bracteate; bracteolate; small; regular; 3 merous; cyclic. Free hypanthium present; turbinate. Hypogynous disk present, or absent. Perianth with distinct calyx and corolla; 6; 2 -whorled; isomerous; joined (there being a well developed hypanthium). Calyx present; 3; polysepalous; yellow, or brown; persistent. Sepals ovate, or triangular, or orbicular. Corolla present; 3; polypetalous; green, or white, or yellow. Petals elliptic, or ovate. Androecial members definite in number (in 4 whorls of 3). Androecium 12. Androecial members free of the perianth (on the hypanthium); free of one another; 4 -whorled (three per whorl). Androecium including staminodes. Staminodes 3, or 6, or 9. Stamens 3, or 6, or 9; attached on the rim of the hypanthium; distinctly dissimilar in shape; diplostemonous to polystemonous, or reduced in number relative to the adjacent perianth to isomerous with the perianth; petaloid (in outer whorl only), or filantherous. Filaments appendiculate, or not appendiculate. Anthers basifixed; non-versatile; dehiscing by longitudinal valves; introrse, or introrse and extrorse; bilocular, or four locular; bisporangiate, or tetrasporangiate, or bisporangiate and tetrasporangiate. Gynoecium 1 carpelled (ostensibly), or 3 carpelled (theoretically). The pistil 1 celled. Gynoecium ostensibly monomerous; of one carpel (or at least, ostensibly so); superior. Carpel stylate; apically stigmatic; 1 ovuled. Placentation apical. Ovules pendulous; non-arillate; anatropous.
Fruit and seed features. Fruit fleshy. The fruiting carpel indehiscent; drupaceous, or baccate, or nucular. Fruit enclosed in the fleshy receptacle, or enclosed in the fleshy hypanthium, or without fleshy investment; 1 seeded. Seeds non-endospermic. Embryo well differentiated (sic); straight.
Etymology. From the Greek for "dodder"; the plant resembles the dodder.
FloraBase is produced by the staff of the Western Australian Herbarium, Biodiversity and Conservation Science, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. Publication or other use of content on this site is unauthorised unless that use conforms with the copyright statement.
Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/