Lilaeopsis Greene
Pittonia 2:192 (1891)

Name Status: Current
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Scientific Description
H.R. Coleman, Thursday 8 September 2016

Family Apiaceae.

Habit and leaf form. Small herbs; bearing essential oils, or without essential oils (?); resinous, or not resinous (?). Switch-plants; phyllodineous (phyllodes erect from rhizome nodes, hollow, with transverse septa). Perennial; rhizomatous. Helophytic. Leaves small to large; ‘herbaceous’, or leathery, or fleshy (?); gland-dotted, or not gland-dotted (?); aromatic, or foetid, or without marked odour (?); simple; pulvinate, or epulvinate (?). Leaf blades entire; linear. Leaves with stipules, or without stipules (?); without a persistent basal meristem. Leaf anatomy. Hairs absent. Stem anatomy. Nodes multilacunar, or tri-lacunar (?). Secondary thickening developing from a conventional cambial ring, or anomalous (?); from a single cambial ring.

Reproductive type, pollination. Fertile flowers hermaphrodite. Unisexual flowers absent. Plants hermaphrodite. Entomophilous.

Inflorescence and flower features. Flowers aggregated in ‘inflorescences’. Inflorescence few-flowered. Flowers in umbels. Inflorescences simple. The terminal inflorescence unit cymose, or racemose (?). Inflorescences terminal; pedunculate. Flowers pedicellate; bracteate. Bracts few, inconspicuous. Flowers small; regular to somewhat irregular (?); 5 merous (except for the gynoecium); cyclic; tetracyclic, or tricyclic. Free hypanthium absent. Perianth with distinct calyx and corolla (but the calyx very reduced), or petaline (calyx teeth lacking); 5, or 10; 2 -whorled, or 1 -whorled; isomerous; white, or purple. Calyx present to vestigial, or absent; when detectable, 5; 1 -whorled; gamosepalous. Corolla 5; 1 -whorled; polypetalous; valvate; unequal but not bilabiate, or regular (?); white, or purple. Petals orbicular. Corolla members entire (apex acute). Androecium 5. Androecial members free of the perianth; all equal to markedly unequal (?); free of one another; 1 -whorled. Androecium exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens 5; isomerous with the perianth; oppositisepalous; inflexed in bud. Anthers dehiscing via longitudinal slits; introrse; tetrasporangiate. Gynoecium 2 carpelled. The pistil 2 celled. Gynoecium syncarpous; synovarious; inferior. Ovary plurilocular; 2 locular. Gynoecium median. Epigynous disk present. Gynoecium stylate. Styles 2; free to partially joined (their bases sometimes thickened into a depressed stylodium crowning the ovary, or stylopodium absent); apical. Stigmas wet type; non-papillate; Group IV type. Placentation axile, or apical (?). Ovules 1 per locule, or 2 per locule (usually two, but one abortive ?); pendulous; epitropous; non-arillate; anatropous.

Fruit and seed features. Fruit non-fleshy; a schizocarp. Mericarps 2 (ribbed, the ribs near mericarp junction thick and corky). Seeds endospermic. Endosperm oily. Embryo well differentiated. Cotyledons 2. Embryo achlorophyllous; straight. Seedling. Germination phanerocotylar.

Physiology, biochemistry. Aluminium accumulation not found. Photosynthetic pathway: C3.

Geography, cytology, number of species. Native of Australia. Not endemic to Australia. Australian states and territories: Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Australian Capital Territory, and Tasmania.

Additional characters Petals inflexed.

Taxonomic Literature

  • Jessop, J. P.; Toelken, H. R. (1986). Flora of South Australia. Part I, Lycopodiaceae-Rosaceae. Govt. Print. Division. Adelaide, S.A.