Hakea ruscifolia Labill. Candle Hakea
Nov.Holl.Pl. 1:30 (1805)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Grazyna Paczkowska, Monday 4 September 1995

Lignotuberous shrub, 0.5-3 m high. Fl. white, Dec or Jan to Apr or Jun. White, grey or red/brown sand, gravelly clay, laterite.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P2, Dandaragan Plateau, Fitzgerald, Lesueur Sandplain, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.

IMCRA Regions: Central West Coast, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Armadale, Augusta-Margaret River, Belmont, Beverley, Boddington, Boyup Brook, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Brookton, Busselton, Cambridge, Canning, Carnamah, Collie, Coorow, Cranbrook, Cuballing, Dandaragan, Denmark, Donnybrook-Balingup, Esperance, Gingin, Gnowangerup, Gosnells, Harvey, Jerramungup, Kalamunda, Kent, Manjimup, Mundaring, Murray, Nannup, Narrogin, Northam, Pingelly, Plantagenet, Ravensthorpe, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Stirling, Swan, Three Springs, Toodyay, Wandering, Wanneroo, Waroona, West Arthur, Williams, York.

Scientific Description
Chris Hollister and Nicholas S. Lander, Tuesday 8 April 2008

Common Name(s). Spike Hakea.

Habit and leaf form. Shrubs, 1–3 m high. Leaves whorled, leaves 7–50 mm long overall. Leaf blade 7–50 mm long, 2–12 mm wide, undissected, oblong or spathulate, flat; margins entire; indumentum present; hairs simple, eglandular.

Inflorescence and floral features. Inflorescence axillary, racemose. Flowers pedicellate, white. Pedicel 6–8 mm long. Perianth (perigone) 3–4 mm long. Pistil 3–5 mm long. Pollen presenter conical.

Fruit and seed features. Fruit 15–20 mm long, 7–9 mm wide; corky tetrahedral projections absent; red-brown and pale wood zones absent. Seed 15–18 mm long; wing discontinuous, marginal, extending ± equally down both lateral sides.

Distribution. Western Australia. IBRA Bioregions SW: GS, SWA, AW, JF, WAR, MAL, and ESP.

Habitat. Amongst medium trees, or low trees, or tall (sclerophyll) shrubland; in gravelly soil, or sand; occupying sandplains, winter wet lands.

Flowering Time. January and December (other months sporadically).

Etymology. Ruscifolia: referring to the resemblance of the leaves of this species to those of the genus Ruscus, a Lily with small spiny leaves.

Descriptions were generated using DELTA format and DELTA software: Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993 onwards, 1995 onwards, 1998)