Common name. Cape Gooseberries. Family Solanaceae.
Habit and leaf form. Short lived shrubs, or herbs; resinous, or not resinous. Plants unarmed. Annual (summer growing), or perennial; plants with neither basal nor terminal concentrations of leaves. Stem internodes solid. The perennial species rhizomatous. Helophytic to xerophytic. Leaves alternate, or alternate to opposite (1 or 2 per node but not opposite, often in pairs); spiral; ‘herbaceous’, or leathery; petiolate; non-sheathing; simple; epulvinate. Leaf blades dissected, or entire; when dissected, pinnatifid; pinnately veined; cross-venulate. Leaves without stipules. Leaf blade margins dentate (or lobed). Leaves without a persistent basal meristem. Leaf anatomy. Hairs present, or absent; glandular hairs present. Extra-floral nectaries absent.
Reproductive type, pollination. Fertile flowers hermaphrodite. Unisexual flowers absent. Plants hermaphrodite. Entomophilous.
Inflorescence and flower features. Flowers solitary; axillary (or leaf-opposed, lateral or in forks of stems); pedicellate; ebracteate; ebracteolate; small to medium-sized; regular to somewhat irregular. The floral asymmetry when present, involving the androecium. Flowers 5 merous; cyclic; tetracyclic. Free hypanthium absent. Hypogynous disk present; intrastaminal. Perianth with distinct calyx and corolla; 10; 2 -whorled; isomerous. Calyx present; 5 (equal); 1 -whorled; gamosepalous; shortly 5 blunt-lobed; campanulate, or tubular; regular; persistent; accrescent (becoming inflated). Corolla present; 5; 1 -whorled; gamopetalous. Corolla lobes markedly shorter than the tube. Corolla contorted and plicate; campanulate (broadly), or rotate; regular; yellow (mostly, often with dark spots towards the base). Androecial members definite in number. Androecium 5. Androecial members adnate; all equal, or markedly unequal; free of one another; 1 -whorled. Androecium exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens 5. Staminal insertion near the base of the corolla tube. Stamens all inserted at the same level; all more or less similar in shape; isomerous with the perianth; oppositisepalous (towards the base of the corolla tube). Filaments appendiculate, or not appendiculate. Anthers separate from one another; basifixed; dehiscing via longitudinal slits; introrse; bilocular; tetrasporangiate. Gynoecium 2 carpelled. The pistil 2 celled. Gynoecium syncarpous; synstylovarious to eu-syncarpous; superior. Ovary plurilocular; 2 locular. Gynoecium oblique; stylate. Styles 1; attenuate from the ovary; apical. Stigmas 1; 2 - lobed (L); capitate. Placentation axile. Ovules 20–50 per locule (numerous); non-arillate; anatropous, or hemianatropous.
Fruit and seed features. Fruit fleshy; indehiscent; a berry; 20–100 seeded (numerous). Seeds endospermic. Endosperm oily, or not oily. Cotyledons 2. Embryo curved (through more than a semicircle).
Economic uses, etc. Cape gooseberry, strawberry tomato, jamberberry, sugar cherry, chinese lantern etc., according to the species and variety.
Etymology. From the Greek for "bladder"; also applied to a plant with a bladder-like fruit, perhaps a species of this genus; refers to the enlarged calyx.
FloraBase is produced by the staff of the Western Australian Herbarium, Biodiversity and Conservation Science, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. Publication or other use of content on this site is unauthorised unless that use conforms with the copyright statement.
Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/