Erect perennial, herb, 0.2-1(-1.5) m high. Fl. green, Jun to Dec. Sandy & clayey soils. Disturbed areas.
Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Coolgardie, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P1, Avon Wheatbelt P2, Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Lesueur Sandplain, Mardabilla, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions: Central West Coast, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Augusta-Margaret River, Beverley, Boddington, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Bunbury, Busselton, Canning, Chapman Valley, Chittering, Cockburn, Collie, Cottesloe, Cunderdin, Dandaragan, Denmark, Dundas, Esperance, Gingin, Gnowangerup, Gosnells, Jerramungup, Kent, Kondinin, Lake Grace, Mandurah, Manjimup, Melville, Murray, Narrogin, Plantagenet, Ravensthorpe, Rockingham, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Stirling, Swan, Wagin, Wanneroo, West Arthur.
General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Primarily seed, also root fragments. Dispersal. Animals, soil, machinery. Seedbank persistence. 20+ years.
Additional information. Origin. Europe and Asia.
Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray with 1% glyphosate in early bud stage, cultivation of older plants will spread root fragments. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
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