Tufted annual, grass-like or herb, 0.1-0.4 m high. Fl. green/red-purple, Aug to Oct. Sand, red brown clay, calcareous loam.
Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Coolgardie, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Hampton, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Murchison, Nullarbor, Swan Coastal Plain, Yalgoo.
IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P1, Avon Wheatbelt P2, Central band, Nullarbor Plain, Eastern Goldfield, Eastern Mallee, Eastern Murchison, Edel, Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Hampton, Lesueur Sandplain, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Cross, Southern Jarrah Forest, Tallering, Western Mallee.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Beverley, Bruce Rock, Carnamah, Cockburn, Coolgardie, Coorow, Corrigin, Cuballing, Cunderdin, Dalwallinu, Dowerin, Dumbleyung, Dundas, Esperance, Gnowangerup, Goomalling, Greater Geraldton, Jerramungup, Kalamunda, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Kellerberrin, Kent, Kondinin, Koorda, Kulin, Lake Grace, Menzies, Merredin, Mingenew, Moora, Morawa, Mount Marshall, Mukinbudin, Narembeen, Narrogin, Northam, Northampton, Perenjori, Perth, Pingelly, Plantagenet, Ravensthorpe, Rockingham, Shark Bay, Swan, Tammin, Toodyay, Trayning, Victoria Plains, Wagin, Wandering, Wanneroo, West Arthur, Westonia, Wickepin, Wongan-Ballidu, Wyalkatchem, Yalgoo, Yilgarn, York.
Alternative Names. Foxtail brome, foxtail chess, red brome.
General Biology. Growth form. Grass. Life form. Annual, caespitose. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Water, mammals including livestock, contaminated seed grain, forage, wind. Photosynthetic Pathway. C3. Seedbank persistence. Short, less than one year. Fire response. Fire creates conditions suitable for mass germination of seed.
Notes. Commonly found on shallow, dry or poorly textured clay soils. Adapted to disturbed sites and open areas. Highly competitive with other grasses and capable of displacing native species. Initial growth is relatively slow, followed by a rapid increase in vegetative growth coinciding with warmer spring temperatures. Produces prolific seed and a large amount of biomass that increases fire risk when dried.
Additional information. Origin. Africa, Asia, and Europe. History of use/introduction. Forage for livestock, though of limited nutritional value. Similar exotic species. Bromus madritensis. Similar native species. B. arenarius.
Suggested method of management and control. Prevent seed set. Hand pull plants or in degraded areas use 10 ml/10 L of glyphosate on seedlings, young plants or when flowering. Alternatively spray plants at 3-5 leaf stage with Fusilade® Forte at 16 ml/10 L or 800 ml/ha (based on 500 L water/ha) + wetting agent or for generic fluazifop-p (212g/L active ingredient) 10ml/10L or 500ml/ha + wetting agent. An early and late application may be required where two Bromus species are present. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/