Caulerpa scalpelliformis (Turner) C.Agardh
Spec.Alg. 437 (1820)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Friday 3 February 2006

Green marine alga, epilithic, to 20 cm tall; base stoloniferous, terete, naked; upright fronds to 3 cm broad, terete below, otherwise flattened; lateral ramuli alternate-distichous, to 1.5 cm long, upwardly curved, tapering to a spinous tip.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Perth, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: Abrolhos Islands, Central West Coast, Eyre, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, Otway, WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Augusta Margaret River, Busselton, Capel, Cockburn, Cottesloe, Esperance, Greater Geraldton, Irwin, Joondalup, Manjimup, Rockingham.

Scientific Description
John Huisman & Cheryl Parker, Thursday 8 September 2016

Habit and structure. Stolon slender (0.5–1 mm in diameter) in small forms of young plants, robust [(–3) mm in diameter] in large, rough-water plants, cartilaginous, naked, epilithic. Erect fronds medium to dark green, simple to occasionally branched, from 4–10 cm high and 3–6 mm broad in slender forms, to 20 cm high and 2(–3) cm broad in robust plants, terete for the basal 1–3 cm, then strongly compressed with an axis 2–3 mm broad in slender plants to 4–8(–10) mm broad in robust plants, bearing alternately distichous, closely adjacent ramuli. Ramuli 2–4 mm long and 1–2 mm broad in slender plants, to 1–1.5 cm long and 3–5 mm broad in robust plants, strongly compressed, scalpelliform, basally broadest but often slightly constricted, usually slightly upwardly curved and with an acute angle between adjacent ramuli, tapering gradually over their lower half to three quarters, then abruptly to a distinct spinous tip.

Distribution. From Whitfords Beach, Perth, W. Aust., around southern Australia (and Tas.) to Jervis Bay, N.S.W.

Habitat. Common in rock pools and to 36 m deep on rough-water coasts.

[After Womersley, Mar. Benthic Fl. Southern Australia I: 258 (1984)]