Hydroclathrus clathratus (C.Agardh) M.Howe
Bahama Fl. 590 (1920)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, Northern Province, South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Carnarvon, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Northern Kimberley, Pilbara, Swan Coastal Plain, Yalgoo.

IBRA Subregions: Cape Range, Edel, Geraldton Hills, Mitchell, Perth, Recherche, Roebourne.

IMCRA Regions: Abrolhos Islands, Anson Beagle, Canning, Central West Coast, Kimberley, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, Ningaloo, Northwest Shelf, Oceanic Shoals, Pilbara (nearshore), Pilbara (offshore), Shark Bay, Tweed-Moreton, WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Ashburton, Augusta-Margaret River, Broome, Carnarvon, Cockburn, Cocos Islands, Dandaragan, Derby-West Kimberley, Esperance, Exmouth, Greater Geraldton, Irwin, Jerramungup, Karratha, Northampton, Port Hedland, Rockingham, Shark Bay, Wyndham-East Kimberley.

Scientific Description
John Huisman & Cheryl Parker, Thursday 8 September 2016

Habit and structure. Thallus medium to dark brown, (5–)10–25(–35) cm across and 3–15 cm high, at first globular to pulvinate, hollow, and soon becoming clathrate, when larger becoming irregularly lobed and often torn with an expanded, clathrate, membrane; holes variable in size and arrangement, round to ovoid, 2 mm–2(–4) cm across, with the membrane 1–4 mm broad, with a broad, diffuse, rhizoidal attachment, epilithic or epiphytic. Structure of membrane with an inner, large-celled medulla 3–5(–6) cells thick, and a small-celled cortex 1(–2) cells thick, often with the margins inrolled and becoming attached by short rhizoidal extensions from the cortical cells, thus forming elongate vesicles with the medulla and cortex all around; surface cortical cells isodiametric, 6–10 µm across, each with a single phaeoplast and pyrenoid; phaeophycean hairs in groups, scattered, 12–15 µm in diameter.

Reproduction. Sori of plurilocular reproductive organs usually present on young thalli, extending over the outer surface of the net with remnants present on older thalli, surrounding or accompanied by hair groups; plurilocular organs uniseriate or biseriate, 15–20 µm and 3–5 locules long, 4–5 µm in diameter, with 2–4 rows corresponding to each cortical cell; paraphyses absent.

Distribution. In Australia, all around the mainland coast but not in Tas.

Habitat. From just above low tide level to 25 m deep.

[After Womersley, Mar. Benthic Fl. Southern Australia II: 300–302 (1987)]