Fumaria muralis W.D.J.Koch Wall Fumitory
Syn.Fl.Germ.Helv. edn 2, 1017 (1845)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Grazyna Paczkowska, Tuesday 21 May 1996

Slender to robust, erect or climbing annual, herb or climber, 0.05-1 m high. Fl. pink-red/purple, Jun to Dec.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Busselton, Kalamunda, Manjimup, Stirling, Wanneroo, Waroona.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 18 July 2016

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Contaminated seed, soil movement, water run-off. Seedbank persistence. 20 years.

Notes. Colonises degraded sites. Can germinate throughout the year, with the main flush in autumn and spring. Any soil disturbance can cause mass emergence of seedlings. Seed has an oil sack that attracts ants. May hybridise with Fumaria capreolata. Can be difficult to manage due to a persistent soil seedbank. Herbicide control can be unpredicatable and variable, with tolerance and resistance varying among species of Fumaria.

Additional information. Origin. Europe, north Africa. Similar exotic species. Fumaria capreolata.

Suggested method of management and control. Easily hand removed however this needs to be repeated at least every 10 weeks during the growing season. Continual germination and seedlings emerging after the disturbance of hand removal requires consistent follow-up. Spray metsulfuron methyl 0.1 g/15 L (2.5 g/ha) + wetting agent or try glyphosate at 0.5%. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar TypeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecComments
GerminationOOOYYYYYYYOO 
Active Growth   OYYYYYYY  
Flowering     YYYYYYY 
Fruiting        UUUU 
Optimum Treatment    YYYYOOO  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Chancellor, R.J. (1996) Decline of arable weed seed under grass and the periodicity of seedling emergence after cultivation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23: 631-637.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Moore, C.B. & Moore, J.H. (2002) Herbiguide, the pesticide expert on a disk. Herbiguide, PO Box 44 Albany, Western Australia, 6330.
  • Peltzer, S. & Matson, P. (2002) How fast do the seedbanks of five annual cropping weeds deplete in the absence of weed seed input. In 13th Australian Weeds Conference. Papers and Proceedings. 8th-13th September 2002 (eds. H. Spafford Jacob, J. Dodd & J.H. Moore). , Perth, Western Australia.

Project information and acknowledgements