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Cakile maritima Scop.
Sea Rocket

Fl.Carniol. Ed.2, 2:35 (1772)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Succulent, decumbent to ascending annual, herb, 0.2-0.5 m high. Fl. white-pink-purple, Jan to Dec. Beach sand. Seashores.

Grazyna Paczkowska, Descriptive Catalogue, 17 April 1996


IBRA Regions
Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Hampton, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren, Yalgoo.
IBRA Subregions
Edel, Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Hampton, Lesueur Sandplain, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.
IMCRA Regions
Abrolhos Islands, Central West Coast, Eucla, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, Shark Bay, WA South Coast, Zuytdorp.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Augusta Margaret River, Bunbury, Busselton, Cambridge, Capel, Carnarvon, Claremont, Cockburn, Cottesloe, Dandaragan, Denmark, Dundas, Esperance, Fremantle, Greater Geraldton, Harvey, Irwin, Jerramungup, Joondalup, Mandurah, Manjimup, Melville, Murray, Ravensthorpe, Rockingham, Shark Bay.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

Alternative Names. European Sea Rocket.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Wind, sea water, ship ballasts, tides, sand transport. Seedbank persistence. 2+ years.

Notes. brid.

Additional information. Origin. Northern Africa, temperate Europe. History of use/introduction. Ship ballast. Similar exotic species. Cakile edulenta.

Suggested method of management and control. Cakile establishes in a harsh, highly specialised environment where it displaces few native taxa. In many situations it is well established and trying to control it may not be feasible or appropriate. Assess carefully whether it is displacing native taxa or possibly having other impacts at the site prior to considering any control program. Manual removal is effective but must be done at least every 8-10 weeks. Ensure material is removed off-site, as once pods are formed, seed will often mature if plants have been uprooted. Fairly selective control can be achieved by spot spraying Logran® at 0.5 g/10 L. Wick application with 50% glyphosate or foliar spraying with 1% glyphosate provides reasonable control and can be used at flowering to reduce seed set. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Germination O O O O O O O O Y Y Y O Germinates after rain
Active Growth O O O O O Y Y Y Y Y Y O  
Flowering Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Can flower all year
Fruiting O O O O O O Y Y Y Y Y Y  
Optimum Treatment O O O O O Y Y Y Y Y Y O  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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