Prostrate, ascending or erect annual, herb, 0.03-0.3 m high. Fl. yellow/white, Aug to Dec or Jan. Sandy loams, laterite gravel. Flats. slopes, seasonally damp areas, along creeks,road verges, settled areas.
Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P2, Geraldton Hills, Lesueur Sandplain, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions: Leeuwin-Naturaliste.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Armadale, Beverley, Boyup Brook, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Cockburn, Cranbrook, Dandaragan, Gosnells, Irwin, Kalamunda, Kojonup, Kondinin, Lake Grace, Manjimup, Melville, Murray, Narrogin, Nedlands, Northam, Northampton, Quairading, Rockingham, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Stirling, Swan, Victoria Plains, Wanneroo, Waroona, West Arthur, Woodanilling, York.
Alternative Names. Low Hop Clover, Field Clover, Large Hop Clover.
General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Agricultural activities.
Notes. Can be biennial. Thrives in temperate regions and does not survive well in dry or hot humid climates. Has low germination rates in unsuitable environmental conditions. Has rapid spring growth. Often found in coarse-textured soils of low fertility. Strong nitrogen fixing ability. Trifolium species capable of high rates of nitrogen fixation may influence the abundance and growth of other plant species.
Additional information. Origin. Mediterranean region. History of use/introduction. Forage, soil improver. Similar exotic species. Trifolium species.
Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray with 1% glyphosate before flowering, alternatively spot spray Lontrel® 3 ml/10 L (150 ml/ha) up to the 6 leaf stage. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/