Trifolium cernuum Brot. Drooping Flower Clover
Phytogr.Lusit.Select. 1:150-151,Tab.62 (1816)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 22 August 2007

Decumbent or erect annual, herb, 0.02-0.1 m high. Fl. pink, Sep to Dec. Black peaty soils, sandy clay. Disturbed areas, creeklines.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: Northern Province, South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Dampierland, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P2, Fitzgerald, Lesueur Sandplain, Perth, Pindanland, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Augusta Margaret River, Broome, Bunbury, Cranbrook, Dandaragan, Denmark, Esperance, Gingin, Harvey, Manjimup, Murray, Plantagenet, South Perth, Wagin.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 26 August 2019

Alternative Names. Drooping Clover, Nodding Clover.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Agricultural activities.

Notes. Found in higher rainfall areas. Tolerant of waterlogging. Hardseeded, which ensures survival after long periods of drought. Has low germination rates in unsuitable environmental conditions.

Additional information. Origin. North Africa, Macronesia, Europe. History of use/introduction. Forage. Similar exotic species. Trifolium species.

Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray with 1% glyphosate before flowering, otherwise spot spray Lontrel® 3 ml/10 L (150 ml/ha) up to 6 leaf stage. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Germination         U U U            
Active Growth           Y Y Y Y Y Y    
Flowering                 Y Y Y Y  
Fruiting                     U U  
Optimum Treatment           Y Y Y          

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Can, E., Celiktas, N., Hatipoglu, R. & Avci, S. (2009) Breaking seed dormancy of some annual Medicago and Trifolium species by different treatments. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 14 (2): 72-78.
  • Hackney, B., Dear, B. & Crocker, G. (2007) Primefact 651 August 2007: Naturalised pasture legumes. NSW Department of Primary Industries URL: http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au - Accessed May 2010.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (2009) Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx - Accessed October 2009.

Project information and acknowledgements