Erect or ascending annual, herb, 0.2-0.5 m high. Fl. red/white, Oct to Nov. Laterite loam.
Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain.
IBRA Subregions: Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Harvey, Mundaring.
Alternative Names. Crimson Clover, Italian Clover, French Clover, Carnation Clover.
General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Toxicity. Can be posionous to mammals. Seedbank persistence. Short, less 1- 2 years.
Notes. Adapted to a wide range of soil and climatic conditions, more so than other annual forage Trifolium species, although not to poorly-drained or saline soils. Has vigorous seedling growth and strong late autumn and winter growth. Matures in early spring. Because of the high production of soft-coated seed and rapid loss of dormancy, germination can occur in summer rather than in the autumn.
Additional information. Origin. Macronesia, temperate Asia, Europe. History of use/introduction. Forage, bee plant, soil improver, erosion control. Similar exotic species. Trifolium species.
Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray with 1% glyphosate before flowering, otherwise spot spray Lontrel® 3 ml/10 L (150 ml/ha) up to 6 leaf stage. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/