Trifolium scabrum L.
Rough Clover

Reference
Sp.Pl. 2:770 (1753)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status
Current

Erect, decumbent or prostrate annual, herb, to 0.2 m high. Fl. white-pink, Sep to Nov. White-grey sand, limestone. Dunes, tracks, roadsides, driveways.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 23 August 2007
Image

Distribution

IBRA Regions
Swan Coastal Plain.
IBRA Subregions
Perth.
IMCRA Regions
Leeuwin-Naturaliste.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Canning, Cockburn, Gingin, Murray, Nedlands, Rockingham, South Perth, Wanneroo.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed.

Notes. Has low germination rates in unsuitable environmental conditions. Only recorded from the Swan Coastal Plain in WA.

Additional information. Origin. Macronesia, north Africa, temperate Asia, Europe. Similar exotic species. Trifolium species.

Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray with 1% glyphosate before flowering. Lontrel® 3 ml/10 L (150 ml/ha) Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Germination           Y Y Y          
Active Growth           Y Y Y Y        
Flowering                 Y Y Y    
Fruiting                   U U U  
Optimum Treatment           O Y Y O        

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Can, E., Celiktas, N., Hatipoglu, R. & Avci, S. (2009) Breaking seed dormancy of some annual Medicago and Trifolium species by different treatments. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 14 (2): 72-78.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Issolah, R. & Abdelguerfi, A. (1999) Variability within 31 spontaneous populations of Trifolium scabrum L.; Nature of relations with factors of the site of origin. Options Méditerranéennes, : 123-127.
  • Thomas, B.D. & Bowman, W.D. (1998) Influence of N2-fixing Trifolium on plant species composition in the alpine tundra. Oecologia, 115 (1/2): 26-31.
  • Tuttobene, R., Gresta, F., Sortino, O., Frasca Polara, F., Dipasquale, M. & Abbate, V. (2008) Characterization of native populations of Trifolium spp. Options Mediterraneennes, A (79): 395-398.
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (2009) Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx - Accessed October 2009.