Vicia sativa L.
Common Vetch

Sp.Pl. 2:736 (1753)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Annual, herb, to 1.5 m high. Fl. pink-blue-purple-red/white, Jul to Dec. Grey, yellow, brown or black sand or loam, red sandy clay, gravel, laterite, granite, limestone, quartzite. Valleys, riverbanks, swampy areas, breakaways, croplands, disturbed sites, gardens, road verges.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 24 August 2007


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Nullarbor, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Fitzgerald, Katanning, Northern Jarrah Forest, Nullarbor Plain, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
IMCRA Regions
Central West Coast, Leeuwin-Naturaliste, WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Armadale, Augusta Margaret River, Bayswater, Boddington, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Bunbury, Busselton, Cambridge, Canning, Capel, Chittering, Cockburn, Cranbrook, Dandaragan, Denmark, Esperance, Gosnells, Harvey, Joondalup, Kalamunda, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Kondinin, Mandurah, Manjimup, Melville, Murray, Nannup, Nedlands, Northam, Perth, Plantagenet, Quairading, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Stirling, Subiaco, Swan, Victoria Park, Victoria Plains, Wagin, Wanneroo.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

Alternative Names. Black-pod Vetch, Narrow-leaf Vetch, Subterranean Vetch.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Annual. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Birds, horses, sheep (by ingestion). Seedbank persistence. Some dormancy.

Notes. Can smother native plants. Colonises bare disturbed sites. Moderately salt tolerant. Flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by bees, moths and butterflies. Capable of fixing nitrogen and is adapted to a range of soils but not acidic, poorly-drained soils. Has a rapid growth rate.

Additional information. Origin. North and eastern Africa, temperate and tropical Asia, Europe. History of use/introduction. Cattle forage and grain.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove small/isolated populations. Lontrel® 10 mL/10 L + wetting agent provides effective control in early growth stages, otherwise apply metsulfuron methyl 0.1 g/10 L + wetting agent. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Germination       O Y Y Y            
Active Growth           Y Y Y Y Y Y    
Flowering             Y Y Y Y Y Y  
Fruiting                 Y Y Y Y  
Manual Removal             Y Y Y Y      
Herbicide Treatment             Y Y Y        

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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