Shrub, to 5 m high. Fl. cream-yellow/red, mainly Jun to Sep. Waste grounds.
Beard’s Provinces: Eremaean Province, Northern Province, South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Coolgardie, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Murchison, Ord Victoria Plain, Pilbara, Swan Coastal Plain.
IBRA Subregions: Eastern Goldfield, Eastern Murchison, Geraldton Hills, Northern Jarrah Forest, Ord, Ord-Victoria Plains P1, Perth, Roebourne.
IMCRA Regions: Leeuwin-Naturaliste, Shark Bay, WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Bunbury, Canning, Capel, Cockburn, Cottesloe, Dundas, East Pilbara, Esperance, Fremantle, Gosnells, Greater Geraldton, Halls Creek, Harvey, Melville, Menzies, Nedlands, Northampton, Port Hedland, Rockingham, Shark Bay, South Perth, Stirling, Swan, Toodyay.
General Biology. Growth form. Shrub/Small tree. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Water, ants, explosive action, garden refuse. Time to first flowering. <1 year. Toxicity. Seeds are poisonous to humans and livestock. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Resprouts. Woody structure. Soft. Seedbank persistence. Soil, medium-long, 1-10 years. Fire response. Fire triggers germination of the soil seed bank.
Notes. Disturbance triggers mass seed germination.
Additional information. Origin. Tropical Africa/Asia, America. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.
Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull seedlings and small plants, ensuring roots are removed. Cut and paint using 50% glyphosate or apply 250 ml Access® in 15 L of diesel to base 50 cm of trunk. Foliar spray seedlings and small plants using 1% glyphosate. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/