Oenothera drummondii Hook.
Beach Evening Primrose

Bot.Mag. 61:Tab.3361 (1834)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Herb, 0.1-0.6 m high. Fl. yellow, Jan to Dec. White sand. Coastal dunes, roadsides.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 15 August 2007


IBRA Regions
Carnarvon, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Geraldton Hills, Lesueur Sandplain, Perth, Recherche, Warren, Wooramel.
IMCRA Regions
Central West Coast, Leeuwin-Naturaliste.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Bunbury, Busselton, Cambridge, Canning, Cockburn, Cottesloe, Dandaragan, Esperance, Fremantle, Gosnells, Irwin, Joondalup, Mandurah, Manjimup, Mosman Park, Nedlands, Northampton, Rockingham, Shark Bay, South Perth, Stirling, Wanneroo.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

Alternative Names. Cut-leaf Evening Primrose, Beach Primrose.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Seed. Seedbank persistence. Up to 80 years.

Notes. Mat-forming, secondary sand stabiliser that readily spreads by seed into dune areas. Common in the Perth metropolitan area. Germinates in both light and dark conditions. The colour and shape of flowers change due to senescence, pollination and/or nectar withdrawal.

Additional information. Origin. North America. Similar exotic species. Oenothera stricta, O. glazioviana, O. mollissima.

Suggested method of management and control. Control in seedling stage, as older plants resistant to herbicide. Relatively resistant to glyphosate. Hand remove small populations in areas not susceptible to erosion. Spot spray chlorsulfuron 0.4 g/10 L + spray oil. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth           U U U U U U U  
Germination           U U U          
Flowering O O O O O O O O O Y Y Y Can flower throughout the year
Fruiting Y O O O O O O O O O Y Y  
Manual Removal O O O O O O O O O O O O  
Herbicide Treatment             Y Y Y Y      

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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