Oenothera drummondii Hook. Beach Evening Primrose
Bot.Mag. 61:Tab.3361 (1834)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 15 August 2007

Herb, 0.1-0.6 m high. Fl. yellow, Jan to Dec. White sand. Coastal dunes, roadsides.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Geraldton Hills, Perth, Recherche, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: Central West Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Cockburn, Esperance, Gosnells, Mandurah, Manjimup, Northampton, Rockingham, Stirling, Wanneroo.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 26 August 2019

Alternative Names. Cut-leaf Evening Primrose, Beach Primrose.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Seed. Seedbank persistence. Up to 80 years.

Notes. Mat-forming, secondary sand stabiliser that readily spreads by seed into dune areas. Common in the Perth metropolitan area. Germinates in both light and dark conditions. The colour and shape of flowers change due to senescence, pollination and/or nectar withdrawal.

Additional information. Origin. North America. Similar exotic species. Oenothera stricta, O. glazioviana, O. mollissima.

Suggested method of management and control. Control in seedling stage, as older plants resistant to herbicide. Relatively resistant to glyphosate. Hand remove small populations in areas not susceptible to erosion. Spot spray chlorsulfuron 0.4 g/10 L + spray oil. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth           U U U U U U U  
Germination           U U U          
Flowering O O O O O O O O O Y Y Y Can flower throughout the year
Fruiting Y O O O O O O O O O Y Y  
Manual Removal O O O O O O O O O O O O  
Herbicide Treatment             Y Y Y Y      

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



  • Beach Protection Authority Queensland and Environmental Protection Authority (Undated) Coastal sand dunes - their vegetation and management, descriptions of major dune plants: Beach primrose (Oenothera drummondii). Leaflet IV-05. Queensland Government URL: http://tinyurl.com/nq4p2h8 - Accessed November 2015.
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  • Rippey, E. & Rowland, B. (2004) Coastal plants: Perth and the South West Region. University of Western Australia Press, Crawley.
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Project information and acknowledgements