Spinifex sericeus R.Br.
Prodr. 198 (1810)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Grazyna Paczkowska, Friday 17 December 1993

Rhizomatous, tussock-forming perennial, grass-like or herb, 0.3-0.6 m high. Coastal sand dunes.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Swan Coastal Plain.

IBRA Subregions: Perth.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Cambridge, Harvey.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Thursday 21 December 2017

Alternative Names. Beach spinifex, hairy spinifex.

General Biology. Growth form. Grass. Life form. Perennial, stoloniferous. Reproduction. Stolons, occasionally seed. Dispersal. Wind. Photosynthetic Pathway. C4. Fire response. Resprouts.

Notes. Occurs on the south-western and eastern coastline of Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia. Usually found on foredunes where it is primary binder and coloniser. Typically shows less vigour in the more stabilised section of the dunes compared to active foredunes. Seedling emergence occurs mainly on the foredunes as areas of active sand accretion and burial are necessary for germination. Seedling survival is generally low due to sand erosion, desposition and dessication.

Additional information. Origin. Eastern Australia. History of use/introduction. Beach rehabilitation. Similar native species. Spinifex hirsutus.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Flowering Y                   Y Y  
Active Growth Y Y             Y Y Y Y  
Germination O O             Y Y Y    
Fruiting O O                 O O  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Maze, K.M. & Whalley, R.D.B. (1990) Sex ratios and related characteristics in Spinifex sericeus (Poaceae). Australian Journal of Botany, 38: 153-160.
  • Maze, K.M. & Whalley, R.D.B. (1992) Germination, seedling occurrence and seedling survival of Spinifex sericeus R.Br. (Poaceae). Australian Journal of Ecology, 17: 189-194.
  • Maze, K.M. & Whalley, R.D.B. (1992) Effects of salt spray and sand burial on Spinifex sericeus R. Br. Australian Journal of Ecology, 17: 9-19.

Project information and acknowledgements