Vinca major L. Blue Periwinkle
Sp.Pl. 1:209 (1753)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 15 August 2007

Creeping or scrambling perennial, herb, to 0.5 m high. Fl. blue, Jan to Dec. Cultivated & naturalised in disturbed areas.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Armadale, Augusta Margaret River, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Capel, Dardanup, Donnybrook-Balingup, Harvey, Kalamunda, Manjimup, Murray, Rockingham, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Waroona, Williams.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 26 August 2019

Alternative Names. Large Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Stem fragments, stolons. Dispersal. Soil, machinery, water. Seedbank persistence. Seed rarely matures.

Additional information. Origin. Mediterranean.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull small infestations, being careful not to leave stem fragments behind. Spray larger areas with 2 % glyphosate + Pulse® 2 mL/L; spray when plants have approximately 5 cm new growth in 8-12 weeks - repeat applications will be required. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y  
Flowering O O O O O Y Y Y Y Y Y O  
Herbicide Treatment Y Y Y Y               Y  
Manual Removal Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



  • Bean, C. [revision by Russo, M.J.] (1988) Element stewardship abstract for Vinca major. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, USA. URL: - Accessed December 2007.
  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • DiTomaso, J.M., Kyser, G.B. et al. (2013) Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States. Weed Research and Information Centre, University of California.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Moore, C.B. & Moore, J.H. (2002) Herbiguide, the pesticide expert on a disk. Herbiguide, PO Box 44 Albany, Western Australia, 6330.
  • Moore, J.H. & Wheeler, J. (2008) Southern weeds and their control. DAFWA Bulletin 4744.

Project information and acknowledgements