Mentha pulegium L. Pennyroyal
Sp.Pl. 2:577 (1753)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 15 August 2007

Highly aromatic, prostrate to ascending rhizomatous, perennial, herb, 0.15-0.7 m high. Fl. blue-purple-pink, Sep or Dec or Jan to Mar. Sandy or clay, usually damp soils. Winter-wet flats, creeklines, swamps.


Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P2, Dandaragan Plateau, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

IMCRA Regions: WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Augusta Margaret River, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Busselton, Capel, Collie, Cranbrook, Dardanup, Denmark, Esperance, Gingin, Harvey, Kwinana, Manjimup, Murray, Nannup, Plantagenet, Waroona.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Monday 26 August 2019

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Reproduction. Seeds require light for germination and will not germinate when buried. Seeds can germinate and seedlings survive even when flooded to a depth of 10 cm for long periods.. Dispersal. Seeds are spread by running water, machinery, livestock, contaminated hay and pasture seed.. Seedbank persistence. Seeds buried may remain dormant for 12 months or more.

Notes. Perennial herb with blueish flowers, and pungent mint-smelling leaves when crushed. Stems are square, covered with hairs and can vary in length (usually < 50 cm high). Some stems are usually upright. Some stems can creep along the ground which can grow roots at the node producing new plants. Leaves are stalked, oblong to rounded (up to 3 cm long and 1 cm wide) and are in opposite pairs. Leaf margins may have small, blunt teeth. Small mauve flowers are produced in dense clusters in the leaf axils along each flowering stem..

Additional information. Origin. Northern Africa, the Azores, the Madeira Islands, the Canary Islands, most of Europe and western Asia.. History of use/introduction. This species has escaped cultivation as a garden herb and invaded grasslands, alluvial plains and wetter habitats..

Suggested method of management and control. Single plants can be removed manually if all rooting material is collected. Alternatively spray annually with herbicide (10 g chlorsulfuron plus 250 mL Pulse® per 100 L water) when the plants are actively growing in summer prior to flowering. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth Y Y                   Y  
Optimum Treatment Y Y                   Y  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



Project information and acknowledgements