Intricately branched, spiny shrub, 0.5-2.5(-4) m high. Fl. white-purple-blue, Apr to May or Aug to Dec. Waste grounds.
General Biology. Growth form. Shrub. Reproduction. Seed, root suckers, stem fragments (rarely). Dispersal. Birds, mammals, water, skinks, garden refuse, soil movement. Time to first flowering. 2 years. Toxicity. Berries, leaves, stems and roots are toxic to humans and livestock. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Resprouts, produces root suckers, stem layering. Seedbank persistence. Probably short, days-1 year. Fire response. Probably resprouts after fire.
Notes. Seriously disprupts seal, sea lion and short-tailed shearwater breeding on off shore Islands. Broken stem and root pieces can remain alive for several months before flowering, fruiting or taking root. Disturbance results in mass seed germination within one year.
Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape. Similar native species. Lycium australe.
Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull or dig out small seedlings ensuring removal of all roots. For mature plants cut and paint with 50% glyphosate and follow up treatment on regrowth or apply 250 ml Access® in 15 L of diesel to basal 50 cm of stem (basal bark). Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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