Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray
Squirrel Tail Fescue

Nat.Arr.Brit.Pl. 2:124 (1821)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Loosely tufted annual, grass-like or herb, 0.05-0.6 m high. Fl. green, Sep to Dec. Sandy loam, sand.

Grazyna Paczkowska, Descriptive Catalogue, 22 December 1993


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Coolgardie, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Fitzgerald, Katanning, Lesueur Sandplain, Merredin, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Cross, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Armadale, Bayswater, Belmont, Beverley, Boyup Brook, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Bruce Rock, Bunbury, Busselton, Canning, Coolgardie, Cranbrook, Dandaragan, Dardanup, Goomalling, Gosnells, Harvey, Kalamunda, Kojonup, Kondinin, Kwinana, Manjimup, Mundaring, Nannup, Northam, Perenjori, Plantagenet, Ravensthorpe, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Stirling, Swan, Toodyay, Waroona, West Arthur.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

Alternative Names. Silvergrass, brome fescue.

General Biology. Growth form. Grass. Life form. Annual, caespitose. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Mammals (on fur), water, human activities. Photosynthetic Pathway. C3. Seedbank persistence. Possibly 1-5 years. Fire response. Killed by fire.

Notes. Prevalent weed of grasslands in temperate climates that can negatively impact on ecosystem functions. Responds positively to soil phosphorous. Resistant to Group A or fops herbicides, including fluazifop-butyl (Fusilade® Forte) and Targa®.

Additional information. Origin. Africa, temperate Asia, Europe. History of use/introduction. Seed contaminant. Similar exotic species. Vulpia myuros.

Suggested method of management and control. Prevent seed set. Hand pull plants or spray with Select® 10 ml/10 L (500 ml/ha) prior to boot stage. It is important to minimise bare ground through autumn and winter to suppress annual weed population growth. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth           Y Y Y Y Y Y    
Germination       O Y O              
Flowering                 Y Y Y    
Fruiting                   U U    
Optimum Treatment             Y Y O        

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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