Rosetted perennial, herb, 0.1-0.9 m high. Fl. green-yellow-brown, Nov to Dec or Jan to Mar. Variety of soils. In gardens & other disturbed sites.
Alternative Names. English Plantain, Narrow-Leaved Plantain, Lamb’s Tongue, Plantain.
General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Primarily seed, also stem fragments. Dispersal. Soil, water, birds (including galahs and cockatoos). Seedbank persistence. Some dormancy. Fire response. Resprouts after fire.
Notes. Widely naturalised. Common weed of disturbed sites including roadsides. persistent taproot. Has longevity of 1-3 years. Likely wind pollinated. Main growth period is in spring and autumn, grows moderately in winter, and opportunitistically in summer. A deep persistent taproot gives it some drought tolerance. Germinates in darkness and with earlier germination, larger seedling size and longer leaves, it is more competitive than other than Plantago species. Has evolved resistance to Group G/9 herbicides in South Africa.
Additional information. Origin. Europe, temperate and tropical Asia, North Africa. History of use/introduction. Animal forage. Similar native species. Plantago debilis, P. drummondii, P. exilis.
Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove small/isolated infestations. Spray in early stages of growth with 1% glyphosate. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.