Plantago major L.
Greater Plantain

Sp.Pl. 1:112-113 (1753)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Rosetted perennial, herb, 0.1-0.8 m high. Fl. green, Oct to Dec or Jan to Feb. Usually on sandy soils. Winter-wet depressions.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 25 March 1997


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Katanning, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.
IMCRA Regions
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Augusta Margaret River, Bassendean, Canning, Chittering, Cockburn, Denmark, Gingin, Manjimup, Nannup, Perth, Victoria Park, Wanneroo, Wickepin.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

Alternative Names. Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Rat-tail Plantain.

General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Soil, water. Seedbank persistence. Up to 40 years.

Notes. Seed requires complete light for germination, and because of this establishment is more inhibited than P. lanceolata amongst other vegetation. Also has lower competitive ability caused by later germination, smaller seedling size and shorter leaves. Several variants are grown as ornamentals.

Additional information. Origin. Eurasia. History of use/introduction. Ornamental. Similar exotic species. Plantago lanceolata.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand remove isolated/small infestations. Spray in early stages of growth with 1% glyphosate. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Germination         U U              
Active Growth O O O Y Y Y O O Y Y Y O  
Flowering Y Y               Y Y Y  
Fruiting Y Y Y                 Y  
Manual Removal Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y  
Herbicide Treatment           Y Y Y Y Y      

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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