Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese Honeysuckle
Murray, Syst.Veg. Ed.14:216 (1784)

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 4 April 2007

Twining shrub or climber. Fl. white-cream-yellow, Oct to Dec. Sand over clay, lateritic loam, brown loam over clay or granite, silty alluvium. Along rivers, wet depressions.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Dandaragan Plateau, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Armadale, Augusta-Margaret River, Collie, Dardanup, Donnybrook-Balingup, Gingin, Harvey, Kalamunda, Manjimup, Mundaring, Murray, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Waroona.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Thursday 8 September 2016

General Biology. Growth form. Vine. Reproduction. Seed, stem fragments, stem layering. Dispersal. Birds, water, machinery and garden refuse, animals. Vegetative regeneration strategy. suckers,coppices/resprouts,stem layering. Fire response. stimulates new growth. May kill seedlings.

Notes. Highly invasive and aggressive, capable of eliminating all indigenous ground-flora and shrubs and preventing any regeneration. Stems branch continuously and a single stem may grown as much as 15 m annually.

Additional information. Origin. Japan, China, Korea. History of use/introduction. Garden escape. Similar exotic species. Lonicera fragrantissima, Lonicera periclymenum.

Suggested method of management and control. When soils are moist, hand pull seedlings and small plants ensuring removal of all root material then monitor for 1 year for regrowth; during warmer months, avoiding hot, dry periods, cut or scrape and paint stems - 100% glyphosate; spray regrowth 1.5% glyphosate; drill and fill with 100% glyphosate directly into root crown. Monitor for regrowth Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Flowering Y Y O         O Y Y Y Y  
Fruiting Y Y Y Y Y O         O Y Mature

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Big Scrub Landcare Group (1998) Common weeds of northern NSW rainforest. Big Scrub Landcare Group, Mullumbimby.
  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Coladonato, M. (1992) Lonicera japonica. In U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (2002, April). Fire Effects Information System. URL: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ - Accessed December 2007.
  • Handel, S.N. & Clemants, S. (2003) Element Stewardship Abstract for Lonicera japonica. Inventory of Living Species, Duke Farms, Somerville, New Jersey. http://www.dukefarms.org/doris_duke_files/download_files/InventoryofLivingSpeciesFINAL.pdf.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Muyt, A. (2001) Bush invaders of South-East Australia: A guide to the identification and control of environmental weeds found in South-East Australia. R.G. & F.J. Richardson, Melbourne.
  • Navie, S. & Adkins, S. (2008) Environmental Weeds of Australia, An interactive identification and information resource for over 1000 invasive plants. Centre for Biological Information Technology, The University of Queensland.
  • Nuzzo, V. (1997) Element stewardship abstract for Lonicera japonica. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, USA. URL: http://tncweeds.ucdavis.edu/esadocs.html - Accessed December 2007.
  • Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (2008) Plant threats to Pacific ecosystems. URL: http://www.hear.org/pier/scinames.htm - Accessed January 2010.
  • Paczkowska, G. & Chapman, A.R. (2000) The Western Australian flora: A descriptive catalogue. Western Australian Wildflower Society (Inc.), Western Australian Herbarium and Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority, Perth.
  • Richburg, J.A., Dibble, A.C. & Patterson, W.A. (2002) Woody invasive species and their role in altering fire regimes of the northeast and mid-Atlantic states. In K.E.M. Galley & T.P. Wilson (eds.), Proceedings of the Invasive Species Workshop: the role of fire in the control and spread of invasive species. In Fire Conference 2000: the First National Congress on fire ecology, prevention and management. (11): 104-111 Tall Timbers Research Station, San Diego, California. http://jfsp.nifc.gov/invasive%20publications/ttrs_22pr_09_104_111_c.pdf.
  • Virginia Native Plant Society (2006) Fact sheets. URL: http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural_heritage/invspfactsheets.shtml - Accessed December 2007.
  • Williams, P.A., Timmins, S.M., Smith, J.M.B. & Downey, P.O. (2001) The biology of Australian weeds. 38. Lonicera japonica Thunb. Plant Protection Quarterly, 16 (3): 90-100.

Project information and acknowledgements