Perennial, herb or shrub, 0.3-1 m high. Fl. pink/pink-red/white, Jul or Oct to Dec or Jan to Mar. Loam over granite, black or calcareous sand, laterite. Granite outcrops, slopes, roadsides.
Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.
IBRA Regions: Jarrah Forest.
IBRA Subregions: Southern Jarrah Forest.
Local Government Areas (LGAs): Augusta-Margaret River.
Alternative Names. Valerian, Red Spur Valerian, Jupiter's Beard.
General Biology. Growth form. Herb. Life form. Perennial. Reproduction. Primarily seed, also rhizomes. Dispersal. Contaminated soil, garden waste.
Notes. Widely cultivated as an ornamental. Self-seeds and frequently becomes naturalised from planted areas. Flowers are monoecious (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees, moths and butterflies. Prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Drought tolerant when established. Can tolerate salt exposure. Generally long-lived. Several forms are cultivated including 'albus' a compact white flowering form, 'coccineus' dark red fowering and 'roseus' with rose pink flowers.
Additional information. Origin. Mediterranean. History of use/introduction. Ornamental, cut flower.
Suggested method of management and control. Seedlings may be handpulled and smaller plants grubbed out. Try metsulfuron methyl 0.15 g/10 L (5 g/ha) + Pulse® before flowering OR Logran® at 12.5 g/100L + the penetrant Pulse ® is very effective on adults and juveniles with little offtarget damage in coastal heathlands. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.
Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.
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Western Australian Herbarium (1998–). FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/