Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P.Beauv.
False Brome

Ess.Agrostogr. 100,155 (1812)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Annual, grass-like or herb (with bent culms), 0.1-0.25 m high. Fl. green, Nov to Dec or Jan. Clayey loam.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 27 August 1999


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain.
IBRA Subregions
Fitzgerald, Geraldton Hills, Katanning, Lesueur Sandplain, Merredin, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Armadale, Cockburn, Cuballing, Dalwallinu, Dandaragan, Gingin, Gosnells, Greater Geraldton, Harvey, Kalamunda, Kojonup, Moora, Northam, Northampton, Pingelly, Plantagenet, Rockingham, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Swan, Toodyay, Victoria Plains, York.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

Alternative Names. Purple false brome.

General Biology. Growth form. Grass. Life form. Annual, caespitose. Reproduction. Largely seed, also stem and root fragments. Dispersal. Mammals, wind, vehicles, clothing. Photosynthetic Pathway. C3. Seedbank persistence. Short, less than one year. Fire response. Killed by fire.

Notes. Tolerant of a wide range of habitats. Found growing in sun or shade, in dry or moist areas. Can become dominant in understory vegetation, forming monospecific stands. May limit establishment of native species, and outcompete and completely exclude native herbs and grasses. Has the potential to change fire regimes and to impact riparian habitats. Has high growth rates and able to rapidly complete its life cycle. Certain biotypes have developed herbicide resistance.

Additional information. Origin. North Africa, Mediterranean, temperate and tropical Asia. History of use/introduction. Unknown. Similar exotic species. Bromus species.

Suggested method of management and control. Prevent seed set. Spray in winter with 1% glyphosate. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Active Growth         O Y Y Y          
Flowering               Y Y Y      
Fruiting                   U U U  
Herbicide Treatment             Y Y Y        

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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