Freesia alba × leichtlinii

Conservation Code: Not threatened
Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia
Name Status: Current

Brief Description
Amanda Spooner, Wednesday 15 August 2007

Cormous, perennial, herb, 0.1-0.4 m high. Fl. cream & white & yellow & purple, Jul to Oct. Grey-white sand, lateritic soils or sandy clay. Amongst grasses in woodland or in disturbed areas.

Distribution

Beard’s Provinces: South-West Province.

IBRA Regions: Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest, Mallee, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.

IBRA Subregions: Avon Wheatbelt P1, Avon Wheatbelt P2, Dandaragan Plateau, Eastern Mallee, Geraldton Hills, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Recherche, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren, Western Mallee.

IMCRA Regions: Eucla, WA South Coast.

Local Government Areas (LGAs): Albany, Armadale, Augusta-Margaret River, Belmont, Beverley, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Busselton, Cambridge, Capel, Chittering, Cockburn, Cranbrook, Cuballing, Dalwallinu, Dardanup, Donnybrook-Balingup, Dowerin, Dumbleyung, Esperance, Gingin, Gnowangerup, Gosnells, Harvey, Kalamunda, Kojonup, Kondinin, Lake Grace, Manjimup, Melville, Mundaring, Murray, Nannup, Narrogin, Nedlands, Northampton, Perth, Plantagenet, Quairading, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Stirling, Subiaco, Swan, Toodyay, Victoria Plains, Wandering, Wanneroo, Waroona, West Arthur, Wickepin, Woodanilling, Wyalkatchem, York.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)
Kate Brown and Karen Bettink, Thursday 24 July 2014

General Biology. Growth form. Geophyte. Life form. Annually renewed corm. Reproduction. Primarily seed, occasionally offsets/stem-cormels. Dispersal. Water, soil, birds. Time to first flowering. 2-3 years. Seedbank persistence. Short, days-1 year. Fire response. Generally survives fire.

Notes. Naturalised in the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile.

Additional information. Origin. South Africa. History of use/introduction. Garden escape.

Suggested method of management and control. Spot spray metsulfuron methyl 0.2 g/15 L + Pulse® or 2.5-5 g/ha + Pulse®. Apply just on flowering at corm exhaustion. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar TypeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecComments
DormantYYY        Y 
Active Growth   YYYYYYYY  
Flowering      OYYO   
Fruiting         YY  
Germination    YYY      
Optimum Treatment     OYY     

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.

 

References

  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Brown, K. & Paczkowska, G. (2008) Seed biology of two invasive South African geophytes and implications for natural area management. Ecological Management & Restoration, 9 (3): 232-234.
  • Cueves, G.J., Marticorena, A. & Lohengrin, A. C. (2004) New additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernandez Islands: origin, distribution, life history traits and potential of invasion. Revista Chilena de Historia Natura, 77: 523-538.
  • Du Plessis, N. & Duncan G. (1989) Bulbous plants of Southern Africa. Tafelberg Publishers Ltd, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Peirce, J.R. & Randall, R. (1999) Declared plant handbook: Index to control of declared plants; Cape Tulip (Homeria flaccida, Homeria miniata). Agriculture Western Australia.

Project information and acknowledgements